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Analytical Challenges Posed by the Early Holocene / Late Paleoindian Activity Areas at the Water Canyon Site, West-Central New Mexico: How Do We Know What We Think We Know?

Author(s): Robert Dello-Russo ; Banks Leonard ; Robin Cordero

Year: 2017

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Summary

Accuracy in the identification of Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene open activity areas and the subsequent inference of human behavior requires that non-behavioral causes for differential spatial patterning be considered before approaching the question of how patterning reflects human activities. Such challenges in the interpretation of behavioral patterning are exemplified at the Water Canyon Paleoindian site. In this paper, we initially describe the lithic and bone assemblages recovered from the Late Paleoindian component (ca. 9600 cal yr BP) at Locus 1, a suspected Bison antiquus processing area. We then map out any apparent spatial patterns in the assemblages and examine how post-depositional geomorphic and taphonomic processes may have biased these patterns and the chronology of the deposits. Once potential biases are identified, we then move on to more securely infer various activities. Thus, not only is the recognition of these biases critical to the subsequent functional interpretations at Locus 1, it is instrumental in helping us design future investigations there and at other activity areas across the site.


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Analytical Challenges Posed by the Early Holocene / Late Paleoindian Activity Areas at the Water Canyon Site, West-Central New Mexico: How Do We Know What We Think We Know?. Robert Dello-Russo, Banks Leonard, Robin Cordero. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430059)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16237

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America