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An Archaeological Test of A Settlement Pattern Shift Recorded in Tsimshian Oral Records

Author(s): Kenneth Ames ; Andrew Martindale

Year: 2017

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Summary

We archaeologically test a hypothesis derived from the Tsimshian oral record. That record recites a long history of settlement movement and conflict culminating in an invasion of coastal Tsimshian territory by northerners. This conflict reportedly caused the Tsimshian to temporarily abandon their coastal territories and retreat inland. We tracked settlement shifts through a site taxonomy and intensive analysis of a large 14C sample acquired by percussion coring. We found an occupational hiatus in the study area and hence cannot disprove the hypothesis. We conclude the archaeological data are best explained by the history described in the indigenous oral record.


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An Archaeological Test of A Settlement Pattern Shift Recorded in Tsimshian Oral Records. Kenneth Ames, Andrew Martindale. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430220)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14940

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America