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An Examination of Anthropogenic Burning in Old Kiyyangan Village, Ifugao

Author(s): Nathan Downey ; Alan Farahani ; Stephen Acabado

Year: 2017

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Summary

The rapid expansion of the Old Kiyyangan Village (OKV) in Ifugao, Philippines was accompanied by population increase and a shift in crop production—from taro to wet-rice. Archaeological excavations at OKV have also uncovered larger-than-expected quantities of wood charcoal that likely represent burning episodes associated with this shift. Preliminary analysis of the distribution of wood charcoal indicates that specific locations within the OKV were for anthropogenic burning practices. Moreover, initial taxonomic identification of the charcoal includes one member of the Cordillera Pine species (Pinus kesiya Royle ex Gordon), possibly used as kindling. Currently, the forests surrounding the OKV do not sustain large populations of P. kesiya. Through the careful integration of ethnohistoric evidence of tree cutting and burning practices in Ifugao alongside the examination of charcoal recovered from OKV, this paper investigates the historical anthropogenic burning practices of the Ifugao and provides preliminary results from the paleoethnobotanical investigation of the OKV. Finally, the paper also illustrates how seemingly "inaccessible" or "remote" kinds of archaeological data such as wood charcoal can be used to illustrate cultural practices that have meaning both in the past and present.


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An Examination of Anthropogenic Burning in Old Kiyyangan Village, Ifugao. Nathan Downey, Alan Farahani, Stephen Acabado. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430431)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
East/Southeast Asia


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15469

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America