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Patterns of Hominin Land Use and Raw Material Procurement in the Paleo-Olduvai Basin, Tanzania

Author(s): Cory A. Henderson ; Ryan M. Byerly ; Cynthia Fadem ; Curran Fitzgerald ; Charles P. Egeland

Year: 2017

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Suitable toolstone was a key affordance for Early Stone Age (ESA) populations across Africa. Northern Tanzania’s Olduvai Basin, because it contains numerous ESA archaeological localities and a variety of quartzitic outcrops, offers an excellent opportunity to evaluate the effect of raw material distribution on hominin landuse. While the lithology and mineralogy of these outcrops have been well described, their macroscopic similarities confound efforts to reliably determine the exact source of quartzite artifacts. Here, we provide quantitative geochemical data that (1) statistically distinguish three of the Basin’s quartzite outcrops and (2) probabilistically identify the origin of a sample of artifacts from several of the Basin’s important ESA lithic assemblages.

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Patterns of Hominin Land Use and Raw Material Procurement in the Paleo-Olduvai Basin, Tanzania. Cory A. Henderson, Ryan M. Byerly, Cynthia Fadem, Curran Fitzgerald, Charles P. Egeland. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430864)


Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14539

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America