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The spread and development of Iron Techologies in China

Author(s): Kazuo Miyamoto

Year: 2017

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Summary

Iron production in this paper is divided into two types; wrought iron and cast iron. Wrought iron was spread through the Eurasian grasslands to China two times; at the middle of second millennium BC and 9th to 8th century BC. At the later time, wrought iron daggers with golden or bronze handles spread to northwestern China. After wrought iron arrived in the Central Plains of China where bronze working was developed, there was the invention of cast iron technology. Development of cast iron technology of the Central Plains was accompaniment by de-carburization to produce iron tools. On the other hand, in the Great Wall Region and the Eastern Tibetan Plateau wrought iron technology spread from the Eurasian grasslands. The diffusion route of wrought iron in these areas is affirmed by the chronology of the bimetallic dagger with a three pronged design. Wrought iron technology spread from northwestern China through the Eastern Tibetan Plateau to southwestern China. Finally, wrought iron technology spread to South-East Asia.


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The spread and development of Iron Techologies in China. Kazuo Miyamoto. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430994)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14522

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America