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Black Bear Among the St. Lawrence Iroquoians: Food, Tools, and Symbols

Author(s): Claire St-Germain ; Christian Gates St-Pierre ; Krista McGrath ; Keri Rowsell ; Matthew Collins

Year: 2017

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Summary

Bear bones have been identified in the faunal assemblages of Iroquoian sites of the St. Anicet cluster near Montreal, Quebec. Three village sites will be the focus of this presentation: McDonald, Droulers, and Mailhot-Curran, with comparisons with other Iroquoian sites, especially Hurons and Iroquois. Bear bones are few in the St. Anicet faunal assemblages, but a ZooMS analysis indicates a high frequency of bear bones used in the production of bone projectile points. This unexpected result will be explained using a blend of archaeological, ethnohistorical and ethnographic data, including Iroquoian mythology and ethnonyms, providing a glimpse of the economic and symbolic importance of black bear for St. Lawrence Iroquoians.


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Black Bear Among the St. Lawrence Iroquoians: Food, Tools, and Symbols. Claire St-Germain, Christian Gates St-Pierre, Krista McGrath, Keri Rowsell, Matthew Collins. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431208)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -142.471; min lat: 42.033 ; max long: -47.725; max lat: 74.402 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14444

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America