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Determination of Use-Wear Evidence on Quartzite Tools: Experimental and Archaeological Studies

Author(s): Hong Chen ; Jiying Liu ; Ya-Mei Hou ; Huiru Lian

Year: 2017

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Use-wear analysis has become an essential method for functional study of archaeological lithic artifacts. Quartzite is one of the main raw materials for lithic tools during Paleolithic period in many sites in the world. However, use-wear studies on quartzite tools are poorly developed due to its poor quality and rough surface. In this paper, the objective is to provide some reference data of determination of use-wear evidence, including both of the experimental and archaeological studies.

In order to identify the use-wear and their basic pattern on quartzite artifacts, two groups of experiments were conducted in related to the different working motions and contact materials. On the basis of experimental data and reference, some archaeological artefacts from the Wulanmulun site were selected for comparable use-wear analysis. The Wulanmulun site is a new important Paleolithic site in Ordos City of Inner Mongolia, with an age of 60-50ka. About 1500 lithic artefacts were excavated in 2010, which are mainly of quartzite. The analytic results suggest that many lithic artefacts display used wear, and several show hafting wear. Compared to the experiments, the main working motion is considered as slicing and cutting (sawing), and the contact material is dominated by animal substances.

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Determination of Use-Wear Evidence on Quartzite Tools: Experimental and Archaeological Studies. Hong Chen, Jiying Liu, Ya-Mei Hou, Huiru Lian. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431266)


Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16508

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America