Establishing provenance for chert from southern Baffin Island: a multi-scalar approach


Difficulties in physically or chemically distinguishing between chert from closely situated quarries have made a multi-scalar approach to chert provenance analysis necessary in some regions. We present the preliminary results of a multi-scalar chert provenance project focused on the eastern Canadian Arctic. On a regional scale, we examine ICP-MS trace element results for chert from two quarries and five archaeological sites on southern Baffin Island. Chert from the quarries and archaeological sites is chemically similar. However, provenance assignments based on these data alone must be viewed as highly provisional, given that the chemical signature of the materials analyzed may be representative of chert deposits throughout the eastern Arctic. We augment these data with ICP-MS trace element results for chert quarry and artifact samples from the Churchill region of the west coast of Hudson Bay, which diverge significantly from those of the Baffin Island quarries. These results support placing the Baffin Island quarries into a regional quarry group to which provenance for the Baffin Island archaeological material can be more confidently assigned.

Cite this Record

Establishing provenance for chert from southern Baffin Island: a multi-scalar approach. Rachel ten Bruggencate, S. Brooke Milne, Mostafa Fayek, Robert Park, Douglas Stenton. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431390)


Geographic Keywords
North America-Canada

Spatial Coverage

min long: -142.471; min lat: 42.033 ; max long: -47.725; max lat: 74.402 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16874