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Culture prosperity of late longshan on north Shaanxi and its environmental background

Author(s): Jianxin Cui ; Hong Chang

Year: 2017

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The late Longshan culture of north Shaanxi was flouring, while that of the southern Inner Mongolia was declined and migrated to the south. Meanwhile, in Guanzhong Basin, the culture was also declined to the bottom. In this paper, we aimed to know the possible climatic factors drove the occurrence of these culture phenomena. A compile of Holocene climate records related to these three regions were collected and analyzed. The following results can be drawn: after 4.4 Ka BP, the climate of Inner Mongolia was becoming colder and drier which could not support the agriculture subsistence again and the people therefore migrated to the north Shaanxi along the Yellow River. Second, a generally drier and cooler climate with intermittent warmer, wetter conditions developed in north Shaanxi during the mid-fourth millennium BC. This short warm and wet event (4.0-3.8/3.7Ka BP) attributed the prosperity of late longshan culture at this region. While the climate of the Guanzhong Basin and the North China Plain was warm-humid and extreme flooding events occurred frequently. The spatial distribution of culture was limited by the frequent floods and there was obvious decrease of the site numbers. In conclusion, people made diverse response strategies corresponding to different environmental background.

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Culture prosperity of late longshan on north Shaanxi and its environmental background. Jianxin Cui, Hong Chang. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431681)


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15001

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America