Current Approaches to the Study of Late Prehistoric North American Copper Materials: Contributions from the Hoxie Farm Site, Cook County, Illinois
Author(s): Kathleen Ehrhardt
In North America, contemporary archaeometallurgical approaches to the interpretation of native and copper-base metals go far beyond simply recording the artifacts to probing longstanding and emerging questions related to the multiple and complex role(s) metal working and metals play in the social lives of ancient peoples. Research on the appropriate application of scientific or laboratory-based methodologies whose results augment descriptions and provide robustness to inferences is developing rapidly. This paper evaluates and interprets the results of an analysis of a 273 copper-base metal data set from three late prehistoric components (Late Fisher, Huber, and generic Upper Mississippian) at the Hoxie Farm site, southwest Cook County, Illinois. The analysis is structured within a "technological systems" framework. Formal, technological, and laboratory-derived observations (metallography, PXRF) are employed to characterize the working techniques and the metals in the industries. Distributional, contextual, and comparative information are then drawn into a discussion that places the utilitarian, ornamental, and symbolic forms found in the industries within historical, technological, and social use contexts of Upper Mississippian peoples in the mid-continent. Middle Mississippian and Early Historic metal use are also important points of comparison.
Cite this Record
Current Approaches to the Study of Late Prehistoric North American Copper Materials: Contributions from the Hoxie Farm Site, Cook County, Illinois. Kathleen Ehrhardt. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431776)
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;
Abstract Id(s): 16247