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Sociocultural Changes in Cajamarca Region during the Early Intermediate Period and the Middle Horizon

Author(s): Shinya Watanabe

Year: 2017

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Summary

In this paper we discuss the chronology of the Cajamarca culture of the Peruvian Northern Highlands to consider the social dynamics during the Early Intermediate Period and the Middle Horizon. We present the excavation data from the two archaeological sites, Complejo Turístico Baños del Inca and El Palacio that correspond to the period from the final part of the Early Cajamarca Phase to the Middle Cajamarca Phase. The Cajamarca culture during the Middle Cajamarca Phase A (A.D. 600-750) presents maximum cultural integration as indicated by the characteristics of kaolin ceramics and settlement pattern, while we can observe the ceramic diversity during the Middle Cajamarca Phase B and C (A.D. 750-950). We analyze the subterranean canals of the two sites that would indicate the climatic condition of those periods. Finally we consider the character of the Cajamarca culture and society. The Cajamarca presents cultural continuity and flexibility as long as 1600 years and it contrasts with the vulnerability of other cultures as Moche and Lima.


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Sociocultural Changes in Cajamarca Region during the Early Intermediate Period and the Middle Horizon. Shinya Watanabe. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431827)


Keywords

General
Cajamarca Wari

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16140

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America