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The EAFWG and Multi-scale Analyses of the Use of Fauna During the Archaic Period in the Interior Eastern Woodlands

Author(s): Sarah Neusius ; Bonnie Styles

Year: 2017

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Summary

The formation of the Eastern Archaic Faunal Working Group (EAFWG) has brought together zooarchaeologists responsible for the analysis and interpretation of a large number of significant faunal assemblages from Archaic period sites. Our collaboration has led to the preservation of nearly 60 significant faunal datasets from 21 archaeological sites in several areas of the U.S. interior Eastern Woodlands in the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR). This collection of datasets has been integrated using tDAR ontologies, which allow us to compare and combine datasets created in different formats by different researchers. After addressing the comparability of these datasets, we are examining research questions that have broad significance to understanding the Archaic Period. Temporal and spatial variability in reliance on aquatic resources by Archaic peoples has long been noted, and differences have been attributed to environmental variability and climatic change, to patterns of population growth and aggregation, and most recently to cultural preference, practices and interaction. The EAFWG tDAR collection of datasets allows us to explore differing use of aquatic resources as well as how these contrasts relate to potential causal factors at local, sub-regional, and regional scales. Our research provides important perspectives on the natural and cultural landscapes of the Eastern Archaic.


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The EAFWG and Multi-scale Analyses of the Use of Fauna During the Archaic Period in the Interior Eastern Woodlands. Sarah Neusius, Bonnie Styles. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431831)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -104.634; min lat: 36.739 ; max long: -80.64; max lat: 49.153 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14970

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America