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Art in the Time of Promontory Cave: Enhancement of Rock Art Figures Using DStretch

Author(s): Andrew D. Lints ; John W. Ives

Year: 2017

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Summary

While the Promontory caves are well known for their preservation of perishable cultural materials, the red-ochre pictographs inside Promontory Cave 1 have attracted less attention. The conditions within the cave provided a ‘safe haven’ for organic artifacts, but the pictographs themselves have varying degrees of visibility, from quite good to poor. Archaeologists have relied solely upon descriptions made by Julian Steward during his 1930s work. Advancements in digital imagery and rock art software, such as DStretch, provide the opportunity to greatly enhance these images, providing new insights. Not only were digital analyses successful in providing fuller images of these ancient paintings, but previously indecipherable design elements were clarified, revealing classic late Fremont forms. In addition to the enhancements of previously identified rock art, we report new rock art paintings located in the vicinity of the Promontory caves. We compare these restored Promontory Point images with examples from Grotto Canyon in southwestern Alberta, where identical images document contact between the late Fremont world and a region Apachean ancestors could be expected to have inhabited.


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Art in the Time of Promontory Cave: Enhancement of Rock Art Figures Using DStretch. Andrew D. Lints, John W. Ives. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 431882)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -122.761; min lat: 29.917 ; max long: -109.27; max lat: 42.553 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16019

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America