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Health and Stress of Neolithic Yangshao Culture Skeletal Population from Wanggou Site, Zhengzhou

Author(s): Yawei Zhou ; Qipeng Yan ; Wanfa Gu

Year: 2017

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Summary

The Wanggou site, located in the Lower Yellow River valley, is a large Yangshao culture cemetery, dating to 7000-5000 BP. Two hundred and eleven skeletons were examined for variations from normal morphology, including non-metric traits, to characterized pathology of the Neolithic Age residents of Central China. This paper examined skeletal evidence of bone disease, trauma and musculo-skeletal stress markers (MSM) of ancient residents. A prevalence of spina bifida, spondylolysis, lumbarization, sacralization and septal aperture have significant gender differences. The prevalence of cribra orbitalia and porotic hyperostosis are high in infants (20%) and children (66.67%), and relatively low in adults (0.6%). The high frequency of lumbar joint disease (29.31%) may be related to long-term engagement in agricultural activities such as planting. The rate of overall skeletal trauma is 9.05%; and skull trauma is 14.29%. Females (38.55%) have higher MSM of the humerus than males (26.44%) for minimal changes, but in the higher levels of severity males have higher prevalence. Taken together these results allow us to begin to reconstruct Neolithic behavior, adaptation and life-ways in the Lower Yellow River valley during the Yangshao culture.


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Cite this Record

Health and Stress of Neolithic Yangshao Culture Skeletal Population from Wanggou Site, Zhengzhou. Yawei Zhou, Qipeng Yan, Wanfa Gu. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432008)


Keywords

General
Diesease Skeleton Trauma

Geographic Keywords
East/Southeast Asia


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16756

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America