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Migration and Diversity in Ancient Xinjiang: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Investigation of Adunqiaolu Population

Author(s): Minghui Wang ; Dexin Cong

Year: 2017

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Summary

The Adunqiaolu site, located in western Xinjiang, belongs to the early Bronze Age and dates to the 19-17 centuries B.C. Archaeological evidence suggests that this group of people may have come from southern and/or southwest Siberia, north of Tianshan. Applying both cranial-metrics and aDNA analysis, this study explores regional variations in western Xinjiang and their relationships to other ancient populations. Ancient DNA analysis indicates that their genes are mainly European, specifically Spanish and German, and the same sequences recovered from human bones dating to the beginning of the Neolithic. However, in the process of migration and through time, there are small amounts of Mongolian gene admixture. Preliminary craniofacial morphological analysis shows that their physical characteristics are very similar to the ancient European type. Compared with modern Eurasian populations, Adunqiaolu ancient population is on a branch of the Europa group, having close genetic affinities with Iranians and Europeans. They show a relatively pure European genetic structure.


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Migration and Diversity in Ancient Xinjiang: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Investigation of Adunqiaolu Population. Minghui Wang, Dexin Cong. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432013)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
West Asia


Spatial Coverage

min long: 25.225; min lat: 15.115 ; max long: 66.709; max lat: 45.583 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16595

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America