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Abalone in the Archaeological Record of Barkley Sound

Author(s): Angela Buttress

Year: 2017

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Summary

This report focuses on the northern abalone (Haliotis kamtschatkana) recovered in the 2016 excavation of Hup’kisakuu7a (Site 93T) in Pacific Rim National Park. This study combines an analysis of the data recovered through archaeological excavation and column sampling at 93T, a review of neighbouring archaeological site reports, and the collection and measurement of a modern assemblage of abalone shells. The aim was to answer three research questions: first, how ubiquitous is the presence of abalone in the archaeological record at 93T; second, how does the ubiquity of the abalone recovered at 93T compare to other sites in Barkley Sound; third, is it possible to estimate the size of archaeological abalone using a modern collection? It was determined that abalone is present in 5.6% of the levels examined at 93T, which represents the lowest ubiquity found amongst the six archaeological excavations reviewed. An assemblage of 22 modern abalone shells was used to create a regression model representing the relationship between hole measurements and total shell length with the intent of allowing researchers to estimate the total shell size of an abalone fragment found in the archaeological record. The strongest of these regressions can explain 59.45% of variability in shell length.


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Cite this Record

Abalone in the Archaeological Record of Barkley Sound. Angela Buttress. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432047)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -169.717; min lat: 42.553 ; max long: -122.607; max lat: 71.301 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16362

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America