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Mortuary analysis of juvenile burials in the sacristy of a Spanish colonial reducción in the southern highlands of Peru

Author(s): Karissa Deiter ; Sara L. Juengst ; Manuel Angel Mamani ; Antonio Villaseñor-Marchal

Year: 2017

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Summary

Mortuary practices at Spanish colonial sites in Latin America varied in terms of burial location, style of burial, and associated grave goods. Understanding burial practices is one way to investigate shifting identities, conversion to Catholicism, and the degree of control over and involvement of priests in daily life at colonial sites. The mortuary practices at the reducción (planned colonial town) of Santa Cruz de Tuti (today known as Mawchu Llacta, Colca Valley, Peru) reveal nuanced insights into colonial life for the living through their treatment of the dead. Focusing on body orientation, associated grave items, and the demographic profile of this burial population, we present mortuary data from 21 child burials in the sacristy at Mawchu Llacta. The exclusively juvenile demographic profile of the burial population in the sacristy likely reflects its liminal status just outside the sacred space of the church nave, but in nearest proximity to it (and the main altar). We also make comparisons between the mortuary practices seen here, the mortuary practices in nearby prehispanic mortuary complexes, and direct historical antecedents, such as at Malata, an early colonial Franciscan doctrinal settlement that was resettled to Mawchu Llacta.


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Mortuary analysis of juvenile burials in the sacristy of a Spanish colonial reducción in the southern highlands of Peru. Karissa Deiter, Sara L. Juengst, Manuel Angel Mamani, Antonio Villaseñor-Marchal. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432080)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
South America


Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16013

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America