A Research Design for the Upper and Lower Ruins, Tonto National Monument

Author(s): Mark D. Elson

Year: 1997


Tonto National Monument, in the Tonto Basin of central Arizona, contains two well-known cliff dwelling sites: the Upper Ruin (AZ U:8:49 [ASM]) and the Lower Ruin and South and North Annex (AZ U:8:47 [ASM]). The integrity of both of these sites, but particularly the Upper Ruin, is threatened by natural deterioration and continued ground disturbance from

rodent and water action. Mitigating these disturbances may entail subsurface archaeological excavation in future years. The research design presented in this volume is designed to guide future archaeologkal

work at Tonto National Monument by relating the cliff dwellings to the larger sphere of Tonto Basin research and archaeological research in the American Southwest in general. Seven research themes are presented that are believed to be applicable to data recovered from the cliff dwellings. The significance of each theme, appropriate sampling methods, and how the theme is related to Historic Contexts established

by the Arizona State Historic Preservation Office and the Tonto National Forest are discussed.

Cite this Record

A Research Design for the Upper and Lower Ruins, Tonto National Monument. Mark D. Elson. ,71. Tucson, Arizona: Western Archeological and Conservation Center. 1997 ( tDAR id: 4331) ; doi:10.6067/XCV85D8Q0F

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1200 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.132; min lat: 33.637 ; max long: -111.105; max lat: 33.659 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): A. Trinkle Jones

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