The Grewe Archaeological Research Project, Volume 2: Material Culture, Part II: Stone, Shell, and Bone Artifacts and Biological Remains

Editor(s): Douglas B. Craig

Year: 2001


This is the second in a series of three volumes documenting the results of the Grewe Archaeological Research Project (GARP). The Project was carried out by Northland Research, Inc. (Northland), under contract to the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT). Portions of three prehistoric sites were investigated on the project - Grewe, Horvath, and Casa Grande Ruins. Each of the sites represents a separate spatial and temporal component of the Grewe-Casa Grande settlement, one of the preeminent Hohokam settlements in southern Arizona between A.D. 550 and 1450. Northland's data recovery efforts focused on a narrow corridor through the middle of Grewe and along the outskirts of Casa Grande Ruins.

Over 1,300 cultural features were identified by GARP. Summary information on these features is presented in Volume 1. The purpose of Volume 2 is to describe and interpret the material remains recovered. Part II of Volume 2 focuses on the stone, shell, bone artifacts and biological remains of the project. Close to 500,000 items of material culture were recovered on the project. Most of the materials are from Grewe, where 90 percent of the field effort was expended. Roughly 250 pit houses, 800 pits, 140 burials, and a portion of what have been the largest ballcourt ever built by the Hohokam were investigated at Grewe. The sample features from Horvath and Casa Grande, in contrast, is much smaller and more limited in scope. It includes a few dozen houses and other features from a previously undocumented residential district on the outskirts of Casa Grande, along with segments of several canals that formed part of the Grewe-Casa Grande canal system, one of the engineering marvels of prehistoric North America.

Cite this Record

The Grewe Archaeological Research Project, Volume 2: Material Culture, Part II: Stone, Shell, and Bone Artifacts and Biological Remains, 1. Douglas B. Craig. 2001 ( tDAR id: 435814) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8435814

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 550 to 1450 (Dates of occupation for the Grewe-Casa Grande Settlement)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.526; min lat: 32.988 ; max long: -111.503; max lat: 33.006 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Cristi Assad Hunter; John T. Marshall; Charles Miksicek; M. Steven Shackley; Susan J. Smith; Arthur W. Vokes; Margaret Louise Zofkie

Prepared By(s): Northland Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation

Record Identifiers

Anthropological Papers No.(s): 99-1

TRACS No.(s): H3156-03D

Contract No.(s): 96-01

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager