Phase 1 Archaeological Investigations at Griffiss Air Force Base, Rome, Oneida County, New York


Panamerican Consultants, Inc. was contracted by Tetra Tech, Inc. of San Bernardino, California in October o f 1994 to conduct a Phase I Archaeological Investigation at Griffiss Air Force Base in Rome, New York. A pedestrian survey was conducted to supply baseline archaeological site information for the installation and assess preliminary determinations of eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places. The results of this investigation were prepared for incorporation into the base disposal and reuse Environmental Impact Statement. An intensive cultural resource survey was conducted at Griffiss Air Force Base (AFB) and five annexes during the Fall of 1994. Any required site testing will be conducted in a subsequent phase.

The investigation consisted of an examination of 1,727 acres of the total 3,540 acres at Griffiss AFB that were determined to be relatively undisturbed, and the investigation of five annexes associated with Griffiss AFB. The investigation identified cultural resources, designated PCI Sites Nos. 1 through 24, at 24 locations at Griffiss AFB proper. No archaeological sites were identified at any of the five annexes. Four sites were determined not to be significant cultural resources and do not merit additional testing, or National Register of Historic Places eligibility. The remaining sites were determined to be significant archaeological sites.

Of these archaeological sites, PCI Sites 21 and 22, are prehistoric. These two prehistoric sites (PCI 21 and 22) have the potential to yield information concerning prehistoric settlement pattern, subsistence, site type, and chronological period and are potentially eligible for listing to the National Register of Historic Places under criterion D. The remaining 18 sites are historic archaeological deposits. The 18 historic sites have the potential to reveal significant information on the development rural communities and the patterns of life inherent in small nineteenth century settlements. These types of farmsteads and rural communities were a ubiquitous form of settlement in the northeastern United States. The study of the historical and economic changes affecting these communities has the potential to yield significant data on the changing social relationships both within the community and between the smaller rural community and a large, urban, industrial community nearby.

Cite this Record

Phase 1 Archaeological Investigations at Griffiss Air Force Base, Rome, Oneida County, New York. Michael Cinquino, Edward V. Curtin, Elizabeth S. Burt, Mark A. Steinback. 1995 ( tDAR id: 438097) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8438097

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1609 to 1776 (Contact and Settlement (Euro-American))

Calendar Date: 1785 to 1939 (Agricultural History and Development of Rural Communities)

Calendar Date: 1776 to 1885 (Post Revolutionary Expansion)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -75.757; min lat: 43.068 ; max long: -75.112; max lat: 43.372 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Air Force Research Laboratory, Rome Research Site

Contributor(s): Elizabeth S. Burt; Mark A. Steinback

Field Director(s): Edward V. Curtin

Principal Investigator(s): Michael Cinquino

Sponsor(s): United States Air Force

Prepared By(s): Panamerican Consultants Inc.

Submitted To(s): Tetra Tech Inc.

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order(s): 0014

Prime Contract No(s): F33615-90-D-4006

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
TetraTech_Archeo-Investigations-Griffiss-AFB_1995_OCR_PDFA.pdf 22.22mb Jun 30, 1995 Sep 14, 2017 1:25:55 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Air Force Research Laboratory, Rome Research Site