Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites


NOTE: document not uploaded - it is available as an online book from the NPS website (see URL below).

This report provides an overview of the tangible remains currently left at the sites of the Japanese American internment during World War II. The main focus is on the War Relocation Authority's relocation centers, but Department of Justice and U.S. Army facilities where Japanese Americans were interned are also considered. The goal of the study has been to provide information for the National Landmark Theme Study called for in the Manzanar National Historic Site enabling legislation. Archival research, field visits, and interviews with former internees provide preliminary documentation about the architectural remnants, the archeological features, and the artifacts remaining at the sites. The degree of preservation varies tremendously. At some locations, modern development has obscured many traces of the World War II-era buildings and features. At a few sites, relocation center buildings still stand, and some are still in use. Overall the physical remains at all the sites are evocative of this very significant, if shameful, episode in U.S. history, and all appear to merit National Register of Historic Places or National Historic Landmark status.

Cite this Record

Confinement and Ethnicity: An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites. J. Burton, M. Farrell, F. Lord, R. Lord. Publications in Anthropology ,74. Tucson, Arizona: Western Archeological and Conservation Center. 2000 ( tDAR id: 4388)

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Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1941 to 1946

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.023; min lat: 31.803 ; max long: -102.656; max lat: 49.268 ;