Of Stones and Spirits: Pursuing the Past of Antelope Hill


Antelope Hill (AZ X:8:7 [ASM]) is a well-known archaeological site in the lower Gila River valley. The hill has been used as a quarry for milling implements and many of its boulders are covered in petroglyphs. In response to a 500-year flood event, the Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation and Drainage District (WMIDD) proposed to use its quarry at Antelope Hill to supply rock to repair damaged water-control devices along the Gila River. This undertaking required a permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (COE). To secure the permit, the WMIDD was required to execute a treatment plan that included archaeological, ethnographic, and historical research components, as well as public education and resource management. The results of the research are presented in distinct parts.

Part 1 consists of background information on the environment, culture history, and the history of archaeological research. The research design that guided the project also is presented. Historical research is the focus of Part 2. The results of an archival search and oral interviews are presented in a narrative history of Antelope Hill. Native American history is the subject of Part 3. Documentary research is compiled into a history of events surrounding the movement and relationships between Native American tribes, as well as their subsequent interactions with Euroamericans. Part 4 presents the results of archaeological studies performed as part of the Antelope Hill project. The rock art at Antelope Hill is compared to other rock art sites along the Gila River and in neighboring areas. The last part of the document (Part 5) involves research and management recommendations. Lines of research follow those developed at Antelope Hill and used at milling-implement quarries worldwide.

Cite this Record

Of Stones and Spirits: Pursuing the Past of Antelope Hill. Joan S. Schneider, Jeffrey Altschul, S. Greg Johnson. Statistical Research Technical Series ,76. Tucson, AZ: SRI Press. 2000 ( tDAR id: 441979) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8441979

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -114.311; min lat: 32.47 ; max long: -113.284; max lat: 32.866 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): SRI Press

Contributor(s): Matt C. Bischoff; Christopher J. Doolittle; Michael Hogan; Lorey Cachora; Gabrielle Duff; Marek Zreda; Jeffrey R. Knott

Principal Investigator(s): Joan Schneider

Landowner(s): U.S. Bureau of Reclamation; Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation and Drainage District

Sponsor(s): U.S. Bureau of Reclamation

Permitting Agency(s): U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District

Repository(s): Arizona State Museum

Prepared By(s): Statistical Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Wellton-Mohawk Irrigation and Drainage District

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