Agricultural Niche Construction in Roman North Africa: Simulating Irrigation and Deforestation on a Desert Margin
Author(s): Nicolas Gauthier
Earth system models are climate models capable of simulating land-atmosphere feedbacks and the complex biogeochemical and biogeophysical processes that drive them. These models are particularly well-suited to studying the impact of preindustrial land use on regional climate change, as they explicitly resolve the impacts of irrigation, deforestation, and agropastoral production on the flow of water and energy between the land and atmosphere. Generating realistic maps of past land use is a difficult task, so paleoclimatologists often rely on static, coarse-resolution estimates derived from present-day conditions. In this poster, I present agent-based modeling as an alternative method to generate dynamic land-use maps that continuously contribute to and adapt to environmental variability. Using Roman North Africa as a case study, I show how such a coupled modeling approach is indispensable for understanding the coevolution of human societies and their natural environments.
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Agricultural Niche Construction in Roman North Africa: Simulating Irrigation and Deforestation on a Desert Margin. Nicolas Gauthier. Presented at The 82nd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, DC. 2018 ( tDAR id: 443334)
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min long: -17.227; min lat: 4.04 ; max long: 37.266; max lat: 37.37 ;
Abstract Id(s): 22393