An Archaeological Evaluation of Beals Creek, Big Spring, Texas

Author(s): Mark J. Lynott

Year: 1977


Howard County, located in west-central Texas, is situated at the intersection of the Edwards Plateau, Rolling Plains, and the Llano Estacado (Godfrey, McKee, and Oakes 1973). Big Spring, in south-central Howard County, is the county seat and largest city in the county. The city of Big Spring has developed along the Texas and Pacific Railroad line, which partially parallels Beals Creek within the present city limits. Beals Creek, a headwater tributary of the Colorado River, is the major focus of this study. The current and projected growth of Big Spring requires that improvements be made in the channel of Beals Creek in order to control flooding and to allow further development within the floodplain.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate archaeological resources located within the area of the proposed Beals Creek channel improvement project. The study consisted of three stages: background research of records and literature pertaining to the archaeology and history of Howard County, field survey to record archaeological and historical sites in the proposed project area, and evaluation of the recorded sites and recommendations for future archaeological research in the project area. The second and third chapters of this report will briefly discuss the archaeology and history of Howard County. The fourth chapter is a discussion of the field survey methods used in the project, and the results of that survey. The final chapter is a summary of research conducted on the project and recommendations for additional archaeological considerations.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Evaluation of Beals Creek, Big Spring, Texas. Mark J. Lynott. 1977 ( tDAR id: 447047) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8447047

Spatial Coverage

min long: -101.592; min lat: 32.077 ; max long: -100.784; max lat: 32.374 ;

Record Identifiers

Contract No.(s): 86-70

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Contact(s): US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District