Archaeological Investigations in Sections 1A, 1B, and 2, SR 260- Cottonwood to Camp Verde Archaeology Project

Editor(s): Susan D. Hall; Mark D. Elson

Year: 2002

Summary

Four archaeological sites were investigated in advance of road realignment and improvements along State Route 260, between Cottonwood and Camp Verde, Yavapai County, Arizona. The work was done at the request of the Arizona Department of Transportation, as part of a larger project. Two sites were located in Segment 1A (AZ O:5:173 (ASM)/AR-03-09-05-378) and Segment 1B (AZ O:5:143 (ASM)/AR-03-09-05-249) on land administered by the Prescott National Forest. The other two sites (AZ O:5:131 (ASM)/AR03-04-01-1003 and AZ O:5:133 (ASM)/AR-03-04-01-1004) were in Segment 2, on land administered by the Coconino National Forest. Construction in Segment 3, extending southeast from Segment 2 to West Clear Creek, has not currently been scheduled. No subsurface cultural remains were found at any of the sites, although one site (O:5:133/AR-03-04-01-1004) was severely disturbed inside the right-of-way, and remains may still be present in the portion of the site outside the right-of-way.

Site O:5:131/AR-03-04-01-1003 appears to have functioned as a locus for limited prehistoric activity, perhaps serving as a temporary camp or resource procurement locale. The site was contemporaneous with O:5:133/AR-03-04-01-1004, located nearby, to the west. Both sites may have been related to another nearby site that contained a single-room masonry structure. Located very close to the Verde River, all three sites were likely part of a small habitation or fieldhouse complex. Although very little datable material was collected at sites O:5:131/AR-03-04-01-1003 and O:5:133/AR03-04-01-1004, the ceramics fell between A.D. 1050 and 1300. The presence of a few Historic period artifacts indicates transitory use of the site area between approximately 1875 and 1917. Although no datable artifacts were found at O:5:143/AR-03-09-05-249, site characteristics were very similar to site O:5:173/AR03-09-05-378, where Middle and Late Archaic projectile points were collected. Both sites were large, low density lithic scatters, which were most likely resource procurement and/or manufacturing locales.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Investigations in Sections 1A, 1B, and 2, SR 260- Cottonwood to Camp Verde Archaeology Project, 11. Susan D. Hall, Mark D. Elson. 2002 ( tDAR id: 448092) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8448092

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.067; min lat: 34.527 ; max long: -111.787; max lat: 34.767 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.

Contributor(s): Jenny L. Adams; Kirk C. Anderson; Andrew L. Christenson; Kerry Kristopher W.; R. Jane Sliva; Serelle Laine

Prepared By(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Arizona Department of Transportation, Engineering Consultants Service

Record Identifiers

Project No.(s): S 326-321

TRACS No.(s): H 3868 06D

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
tr2002-11_final_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 43.84mb Nov 4, 2020 1:27:03 PM Public
This file is the redacted version of the resource.
tr2002-11_final_OCR_PDFA.pdf 44.56mb Nov 1, 2002 Feb 21, 2019 10:03:06 AM Confidential
This file is the unredacted version of the resource.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.