A Great Plains Early Archaic Site Understanding from Lithic Debitage Analysis

Author(s): Andrea Kruse

Year: 2019


This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

Early Archaic sites on the Great Plains are few in number and often little studied and poorly reported, as they are almost always found in salvage or recover archaeology. Of those early Archaic sites that have been studied rarely has debitage been analysed in detail or fully evaluated for usewear. This presentation describes the lithic assemblage from the Spring Creek (25FT31) site located in southwestern Nebraska. As one of two important early sites in the state, detailed lithic analysis will complement the thorough analysis of fanual remains conducted in the 2000s. This presentation will present the methods used to complete debitage and tool analysis along with low power use-wear technique to better understand the artifacts. GIS-ArcMap was used to better visualise patterns between the lithics and fanual. By using many different methods of analysis along with new digital techniques one can gain better perception of the relationship of the resources procured across the Plains landscape and the Early Archaic hunter-gatherers.

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A Great Plains Early Archaic Site Understanding from Lithic Debitage Analysis. Andrea Kruse. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 449930)

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Abstract Id(s): 24453