Cholla Bud Roasting in St. George, Utah during the Early Pueblo II Period

Author(s): Heidi Roberts

Year: 2019


This is an abstract from the "Hot Rocks in Hot Places: Investigating the 10,000-Year Record of Plant Baking across the US-Mexico Borderlands" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

Cactus-bud procurement is not typically associated with Virgin Branch Ancestral Puebloan subsistence systems. Yet, when I visited a small artifact scatter on the apex of a rocky, cholla-covered hill near St. George, Utah, I was reminded of cactus-procurement landscapes on the Tohono O’odham Reservation in southern Arizona. Subsequent data recovery investigations proved my suspicions correct, revealing several slab-lined roasting pits that had been used to cook cholla buds. This paper describes those excavations and our experience gathering and processing cholla buds with Southern Paiute Tribal members to study the cholla bud nutritional values and return rates.

Cite this Record

Cholla Bud Roasting in St. George, Utah during the Early Pueblo II Period. Heidi Roberts. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 450710)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -124.365; min lat: 25.958 ; max long: -93.428; max lat: 41.902 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 23857