At What Expense? An Expended Utility Study of Bolen Projectile Points in Northern Florida

Author(s): Austin Cross

Year: 2019


This is an abstract from the "First Floridians to La Florida: Recent FSU Investigations" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

Schott and Ballenger’s (2007) work analyzing the expended utility of Dalton bifaces looked at the difference between the potential utility of an artifact and its residual utility to understand the use-wear and resharpening processes that shaped the artifact, and applied their findings to reconstructing the population-level use of the artifacts. This research applies these same methodologies to a sample of Bolen projectile points from northern Florida. I utilize various metrics of lithic analysis to study the points from a region of northern Florida where artifacts with similar temporal contexts are abundant, but actual archaeological contexts are oftentimes unable to be discerned. The goal of this study is to apply geometric morphometrics to these Late Paleoindian and Early Archaic projectile points, in order to understand larger-scale cultural behavior, potentially at the regional level, if not at least across multiple sites within the study area. Methods of analysis such as expended utility, principal components analysis (PCA), multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and other similar ways of analyzing stone tool assemblages through geometric morphometrics are all applied to the Bolen assemblage used in this study.

Cite this Record

At What Expense? An Expended Utility Study of Bolen Projectile Points in Northern Florida. Austin Cross. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 452555)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.735; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -73.389; max lat: 39.572 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 25691