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Phase II Archaeological Investigations of 18ST233 and 18ST329, Webster Field Annex, Naval Air Station Patuxent River (2001.002)

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Summary

This project contains artifact inventories, analyses, and images from phase II investigations investigations at colonial sites 18ST233 and 18ST329, Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex, Maryland.

Testing of the two sites was conducted in partial fulfillment of Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The project was undertaken by the Southern Maryland Regional Center at the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, in cooperation with the Natural and Cultural Resources Branch of the Environmental and Natural Resources Division of the Naval Air Station Patuxent River (NAS PAX). Funding for this project was provided by a grant from the Department of Defense’s Legacy Resources Management Program.

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the level of integrity and the research potential of these two sites. This information will be used for resources management decisions. Fieldwork was conducted from March through October 2000. Field methods for this study consisted of the excavation of 20 five-by-five-foot archaeological test units at 18ST233 and 19 units at 18ST329, for a total of 39 test units. The plowzone was removed from all test units, and all features below the plowzone were recorded. One feature at each site was selected for testing based upon the likelihood of recovering important data regarding the temporal affiliation and function of each site. Feature soils were removed stratigraphically in order to assess the integrity of the feature and/or the impact of disturbances upon it. Materials retained from the plowzone and from the features have slightly altered our understanding of the two sites. There were 619,049 artifacts recovered from 18ST233, while 95,385 were found at 18ST329. Site 18ST233 dates to the mid seventeenth century; 18ST329 dates from the late seventeenth to mid eighteenth century. The presence of intact, stratified cultural features on both sites indicated a high level of integrity and, therefore, great research potential. Additionally, the identification of at least three historic grave shafts on 18ST233 mandates that special resource management initiatives be considered.

This project resulted in a better understanding of the sites examined. In 18ST233, speculation as to the dates of occupation was resolved through the recovery of numerous diagnostic artifacts. This site was occupied during the earliest period of European settlement in Maryland, in the second and third quarters of the seventeenth century. Original identification of this site was based on a faint scatter of potentially early colonial artifacts. Testing exposed the material richness of this site, demonstrating the footprint of early colonial occupations. The discovery of grave shafts during the testing is significant as it locates previously unrecorded human remains. Additionally, the identification of these graves may have major repercussions on future development and resource management in the area.

Although 18ST329 has been investigated several times, Phase II testing on this site yielded new and unexpected results that affected previous interpretations. Relying on broad-scale historical research and upon conservative analysis of previously recovered artifacts, a late seventeenth to mid eighteenth century occupational range was assigned to this site.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Phase II Archaeological Investigations of 18ST233 and 18ST329, Webster Field Annex, Naval Air Station Patuxent River (2001.002). ( tDAR id: 391697) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88W3FRN


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -76.442; min lat: 38.13 ; max long: -76.413; max lat: 38.166 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory Federal Curator ; Michael Smolek

Contributor(s): Tricia Pyne

Principal Investigator(s): Julia King ; Edward E. Chaney

Sponsor(s): Navy

Repository(s): Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory

Prepared By(s): Southern Maryland Regional Center

Submitted To(s): Natural and Cultural Resources Branch, Department of Public Works, Naval Air Station Patuxent River


Record Identifiers

MAC Lab Accession Number(s): 2001.002

Notes

General Note: The following physical records are held at MAC Lab: Field Notes, Lab Notes, Maps, Artifact Catalog, Color Negatives, Kodachrome Slides, Photologs, List of Documentation, acid-free copy of all paper records stored in the secondary records storage room

General Note: Date Collected:MARCH- DECEMBER 2000


Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-12 of 12)

Documents

  1. Phase II Archaeological Investigations of 18ST233 and 18ST329 Aboard Webster Field Annex Naval Air Station, Patuxent River St. Mary’s County, Maryland (2001)
    DOCUMENT [ID: 393596] Christopher Sperling. Laura J. Galke. Tricia Pyne.

    This report presents the results of Phase II archaeological investigations undertaken at two colonial sites, 18ST233 and 18ST329, located aboard the Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Webster Field Annex (NAS WFA), in St. Inigoes, St. Mary’s County, Maryland. Testing of the two sites was conducted in partial fulfillment of Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. The project was undertaken by the Southern Maryland Regional Center at the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum,...

Images

  1. Artifact Images, 18ST329, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393659] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains an artifact photographs for 18ST329, a site excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

  2. Artifact Photographs, Old Chapel Field, Colonial Encounters (1 of 3) (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393665] Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

    These photographs of artifacts were generated as part of the Colonial Encounters: The Lower Potomac River Valley at Contact, 1500-1720 AD project.

  3. Artifact Photographs, Old Chapel Field, Colonial Encounters (2 of 3) (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393666] Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

    These photographs of artifacts were generated as part of the Colonial Encounters: The Lower Potomac River Valley at Contact, 1500-1720 AD project.

  4. Artifact Photographs, Old Chapel Field, Colonial Encounters (3 of 3) (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393667] Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

    These photographs of artifacts were generated as part of the Colonial Encounters: The Lower Potomac River Valley at Contact, 1500-1720 AD project.

  5. Excavation Images, 18ST329 and 18ST233, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393663] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains excavation photographs for 18ST329 and 18ST233, sites excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

  6. Field Maps, 18ST329 and 18ST233, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    IMAGE [ID: 393664] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains scanned field maps for excavation units for 18ST329 and 18ST233, both are sites excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

Datasets

  1. Artifact Analysis for Plowzone Collections, 18ST233, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    DATASET [ID: 393651] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains an analysis for artifacts collected in the plowzone for site 18ST233, a site excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

  2. Artifact Analysis for Plowzone Collections, 18ST329, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    DATASET [ID: 393652] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains an analysis for artifacts collected in the plowzone for site 18ST329, a site excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

  3. Artifact Catalog, Site 18CH233, Colonial Encounters (2014)
    DATASET [ID: 393668] Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.

    This database was generated as part of the Colonial Encounters: The Lower Potomac River Valley at Contact, 1500-1720 AD project.

  4. Artifact Distribution, Site 18ST233, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    DATASET [ID: 393597] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains an artifact inventory for 18ST233, a site excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

  5. Artifact Distribution, Site 18ST329, Webster Field Annex (2014)
    DATASET [ID: 393598] Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum.

    This record contains an artifact inventory for 18ST233, a site excavated during phase II archaeological investigations at Old Chapel Field, Maryland.

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America