Entangling Colonial Narratives New and Old

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  • The archaeology of Slavery in Southern Brazil in Global Perspective (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lucio Menezes Ferreira.

    Slavery in southern Brazilian plantations was a late colonial development, and  was the result of the expansion of industrial relations in Europe and the expansion of capitalism worldwide. On the other hand, social relations in plantations were not only capitalist and linked to the market, but were the result of patriarchal society. The archaeological study of jerked beef plantations has helped to reveal all of these features, as the material culture of the sites is both imported and linked to a...

  • Colonial Encounters, Time and Social Innovation (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Per Cornell.

    Looking at the colonial, the intricacy of the associated encounters cannot be avoided. While violence and oppression almost always play a major role, there are also intricate processes, in which the results are manifold and far beyond the intent of the colonizer. In this paper, a number of examples will be addressed, ranging from Late Mediterranean Iron Age contexts to European Early Modern colonial projects in the Americas. Questions of temporality and general time are of major importance;...

  • Consumption, Survival, and Personhood in Native North America (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Craig N. Cipolla.

    For many decades, archaeologists treated European-manufactured material culture recovered from Native American sites as straightforward indicators of cultural loss. Contemporary Native American historical archaeologies take a different tack, placing patterns of consumption on center stage. Rather than typifying European-manufactured material culture as a reflection (or a juggernaut) of cultural change in Native North America, these new approaches use such assemblages to address the nuances of...

  • A Distant Diaspora: Comparative Perspectives on the Archaeology of Roman Slavery. (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jane Webster.

    More than 100 million people were enslaved in the millennium during which the Roman Empire rose and was eclipsed, yet the lives of Roman slaves are still generally assumed to be archaeologically inaccessible. Classical archaeologists view slavery almost entirely through the lens of the Roman literary tradition, and through the work of ancient historians who have drawn on that tradition. This paper will suggest that whilst the material strategies of Roman slaves might be hard to isolate, they are...

  • Globalizing Poverty:  The Materiality of International Inequality and Marginalization (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul R. Mullins. Timo Ylimaunu.

    North American historical archaeology has long focused on poverty and consumer marginalization, but models of impoverishment and inequality constructed to address a distinct range of US contexts are not always useful in international contexts.  A wave of recent archaeological scholarship has focused on the materiality of poverty, and an examination of impoverishment is productively complicated by international research comparisons.  This paper examines case studies from African America, British...

  • Indigeneity and Diaspora: Colonialism and the Classification of Displacement (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Katherine Hayes.

    The terms of indigeneity and diaspora are fixtures in scholarly discussion of colonialism, referring to different sets of relations between "homeland" and identity challenged by colonization.  The two sets of concepts might also be thought of as maintaining incommensurate statuses for American Indians and African Americans, implying radically different historical experiences.  This distinction unfortunately contributes to unhelpful disciplinary and racialized distinctions.  In this paper I...

  • The Manifestation of Puritan Ideology at 17th-century Harvard College (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina J. Hodge. Diana Loren. Patricia Capone.

    Harvard University’s 1650 Charter dedicated the institution to the education of "English and Indian youth of this country in knowledge and godlines [sic]." For several decades, a printing press produced religious works in English and Algonquian, while a small number of Native American students were educated alongside English students at the College, intended to become Puritan ministers and convert Native New Englanders. Intermingled lives created a dynamic and hybrid colonial community that...

  • Rethinking Colonialism: Indigenous Innovation, Colonial Inevitability and the Struggle for Dignity, Past and Present (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Mrozowski.

    This paper argues for a rethinking of colonialism as an historical process in which overwhelming European power resulted in the extinction of indigenous peoples. Instead this suggests that a different history unfolded in which indigenous peoples demonstrated great innovation and cultural perseverance in not succumbing to the inevitability inherent in the political discourse of the past two hundred years. Colonialism clearly resulted in struggles over territory, sovereignty and cultural identity,...

  • Working with indigenous (descendant) communities and the study of Roman Britain (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Richard Hingley.

    This paper explores the meaning of the Roman past to people in Britain. The imperial context of Roman studies has been interrogated for almost two decades and alternative, more-critically-based, accounts of the impact of Roman upon Britain have been produced. The popular media, however, often portrays the Roman intervention in Britain as having granted material progress to barbarian Britons through the gift of Roman civilization. These arguments tend to divide specialists from the broader...