Historical Archaeology in Europe

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  • Documents (10)

  • Buzz-word or paradigm shift? Some comments on "Medieval Archaeology", "Post-medieval Archaeology" and the rise of "Historical Archaeology" (a German perspective) (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ulrich Müller.

    In recent years "Historical Archaeology" has undergone a cometlike rise. Traditional pre- and protohistoric archaeology has had a hard time in accepting the conceptual design of "Historical Archaeology". Also, other disciplines (like art history or medieval history) have had issues with a concept that blurred established chronologies and disciplines. What does "Historical Archaeology" mean in Germany? A container without contents, a cross-cultural approach, or a...

  • Changes in the structure of village settlement in the Late Medieval and Early Modern periods in South Bohemia as a result of transformations in land use systems (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Ladislav Capek.

    This paper deals with the changing structure of rural settlement in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period in South Bohemia. At this time there occurred a transformation process in existing village settlement as result of reduction and restructuring of  settlements. The Early Modern Period brought a qualitative change  in the organization, and growth in the use, of land. This process can be well documented on a few examples of rural settlement of several nobles' domains in South Bohemia....

  • Coal, Iron and Salt across the North Sea: technological transfer in the 'long Industrial Revolution' (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only David Cranstone.

    Panhouse saltrmaking, using coal fuel and large iron pans, was one of the first industrial-scale manufacturing processes.  Its origins, in Scotland in the 15th century, can be traced to a combination of British coal-mining and -burning expertise with Scandinavian ironmaking technology; the possible role of Cistercian monastic organisation in this process will also be explored.  These developments formed an important stage in the development of coal-based industrialisation in its its wider...

  • Historical archaeology and archaeological practice in Denmark (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Henrik Harnow. Lene Høst-Madsen.

    The concept of archaeology and the structure of professional archaeology in Denmark differ from those of the Anglo-Saxon world. This is especially true when speaking of historical archaeology. Though medieval archaeology has experienced an inclusion into mainstream archaeology during the last few decades, much of what is considered archaeology in Britain and the United States is not seen as such in Denmark. This condition is due to historical conditions and divisions within the museum world. But...

  • Historical Archaeology and Archaeological Practice in Europe: Challenges and Opportunities (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul Belford.

    Historical archaeology has become much more widely accepted in Europe in the last ten years The same period has also seen tremendous changes in the way archaeology is undertaken in many European countries. Some - such as the UK, Ireland, and the Netherlands - have adopted an 'Anglo-Saxon' model of free-market capitalism within a regulatory framework; others - such as France and Poland - remain strongly wedded to a more traditional statist model. These methodological differences reflect - and...

  • Historical archaeology in eastern Baltic: some trends and problems (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Erki Russow.

    The archaeology of the recent past (e.g. post-1500) in the eastern Baltic is a rather young area for material culture researchers. Only in the last 15-20 years has post-medieval archaeology gained some attention among archaeologists in the Baltic States, with the primary focus on military objects and certain types of artefacts. To date, no extensive theoretical discussion has been initiated, and the majority of research has limited connection with lobal historical archaeology. There are various...

  • The Post-medieval Archaeology of Rural Bohemia (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Pavel Vareka.

    This paper is focused on the archaeological study of rural Bohemia in the 16th to 18th centuries, including landscape and settlement archaeology, deserted and existing village research, rural housing, agriculture and other economic activities as well as the living standards and social status of peasants.

  • Reasons, Trends and Motivations in the Transformation of Settlement Structure during the Medieval and Post-medieval Periods in the Czech Republic (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Lukáš Holata.

    The transformation of settlement structure during the medieval and post-medieval periods was mainly characterised by the abandonment of villages and the subsequent rise of other types of settlement unit. Although these processes have influenced the basic shape of the present landscape, their study is still neglected in Czech archaeology. Therefore, I try to reveal reasons, trends and also motivations within and behind these processes. This research focuses on three regions in the Czech Republic...

  • Transatlantic Perspectives (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only paul courtney.

    This paper will briefly review some of the characteristics of North American, British and Contintental Eropean historical archaeology.from ahistorical perspective.The aim is to provide a background for other more detailed papersin this session on the nature and future direction of European historical arcaheology. There is no coherent Continet-wide approach to historical or post-medievalk arcaheology. Nevertheless, there are widely shared aspects whci serve to distibguish it from North American...

  • When medieval becomes early modern – changing interpretations of the Poel 11 and Hiddensee 12 ships from the southwestern Baltic Sea in Germany (2013)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Mike Belasus.

    The wrecks of two large ships found in the southwestern Baltic Sea in 1997 and 1999 were originally believed to be the remains of late 14th-century cargo vessels of extraordinary size. It was suggested they represented a special type of ship which was then called the "Baltic Cog" based on some similarities with ships of the so-called medieval "cog"–building tradition and in reference to a theory of the German scholar Paul Heinsius. However, in some aspects they differed from all known medieval...