Landscape: Finding an Effective Scale in Urban Archaeology

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  • The Archaeology of God’s Wrath – A Major Earthquake on the East Coast in 1663 (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Melanie Rousseau.

    On the evening of February 5th, 1663, an earthquake estimated to between 7.2 and 7.8 on the Richter scale begins. It is felt from the actual state of New York up to Quebec City and from Montreal to Tadoussac. For Christians this first quake represents the eve of Judgement Day. The earth continues to quake for seven months. The quake is interpreted as God’s Wrath following years of alcohol trade and consumption as well as generally poor behaviour in the colony such as a recurring failure to...

  • Archaeology of Shifting Landscapes on the Historic San Francisco Waterfront (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Kale M. Bruner. Allen G. Pastron.

    Geographically situated at the northern margins of the Spanish empire and the among outposts of multinational commercial activities, the San Francisco Bay served as a hub of maritime traffic on the western coast of North America in the early nineteenth century. Evidence for use of the San Francisco waterfront in its natural state is preserved more than twelve feet below the modern city surface at Thompson’s Cove (CA-SFR-186H).  Stratified deposits document the sequence of physical alterations...

  • Boundaries In Greensboro's 19th-Century Landscape: Households, Estate Lots, And Urbanization (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Linda Stine. Teddi Burnett.

    During the early decades of the 1840s several of Guilford County's wealthier citizens constructed artfully designed estates within a short walk or ride of burgeoning downtown Greensboro.  The finest example of an urban estate with picturesque landscape is the Italianate Blandwood Mansion, designed by A. J. Davis for Governor J. M. Morehead.  Blandwood, The Elms and other large estates circling the one square mile core of Greensboro held numerous outbuildings, including housing for enslaved...

  • Human-Environment Interaction in Colonial Queensland: Establishment, Use and Abandonment of the Port of St Lawrence and Implications for the Archaeological Record (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Aleisha R Buckler.

    This paper explores the recursive relationships between people and the environment in a colonial port setting on the coast of Queensland, Australia. Established in c.1860, the St Lawrence port settlement and the lives of its inhabitants were mediated by the dynamic coastal environment which characterises the surrounding region. Transformations of the physical environment prompted by settlers to allow for port development changed the geomorphology of the creek environment and led to accelerated...

  • The Smoke of Industry Hovering as a Blessing Over the Village: The Study of a Landscape of Control in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan R. Libbon.

    The city of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, rapidly industrialized throughout the 1860s and 1870s. The close proximity to the region’s natural resources and major east coast markets placed Harrisburg at the forefront of the American industrial revolution in the late nineteenth century. The Harrisburg Nail Works represented one of the largest industrial complexes in the Harrisburg region during this time. The owners of the Harrisburg Nail Works designed a factory system that stressed surveillance and...

  • Social Defense: The Construction of Late Medieval Societal and Spatial Boundaries in Newcastle upon Tyne and York (2015)
    DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret E Klejbuk.

    In anthropology, the "body" is a culture-specific concept often defined as separate from the mind, and during the nineteenth century was used in the study of non-Western cultures to better understand "the other." This paper investigates the application of the "body" concept to late medieval urban landscapes by examining how social hierarchy was organized and defined within town walls. The northern British towns of Newcastle and York are used as case studies: both were founded as Roman garrisons...