Final Report For Phased Data Recovery At AZ U:15:1(REC) on SCIDD Property and Trenching for Additional Canal (AZ U:15:8[REC]) Exposures on Federal Land Near Ashurst-Hayden Diversion Dam, Pinal County, Arizona: Lithic Data

Summary

As authorized under the Arizona Water Settlements Act of 2004, the San Carlos and Irrigation Drainage District (SCIDD) is undertaking a 10-year rehabilitation project of its irrigation system. SCIDD is the non-Indian irrigation component of the San Carlos Irrigation Project (SCIP), which provides irrigation water to the communities of Florence, Coolidge, and Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona. The initial focus of the SCIDD Rehabilitation Project is the rehabilitation of the Ashurst-Hayden Diversion Dam and its associated headworks, which diverts water from the Gila River for SCIP; the armoring of a segment of the south bank of the Gila River, and the construction of a sediment removal pond and storage area downstream of Ashurst-Hayden Diversion Dam. Following consultation with project stakeholders on the results of Phase 1 data testing at AZ U:15:1(REC) (later AZ U:15:676[ASM]), a prehistoric site, and additional recording of historic features at two other sites, AZ U:16:303(ASM), the Dam Tender’s Complex, and AZ AA:3:215(ASM), the Florence-Casa Grande Canal, Reclamation directed Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) to conduct Phase 2 data recovery at AZ U:15:1(REC) to excavate the known features and expose the prehistoric canal.

ACS excavated 13 features and subfeatures at AZ U:15:1(REC) and two additional exposures of the canal were located northeast of AZ U:15:1(REC). The excavation and subsequent artifact analysis reveal that AZ U:15:1(REC) was a Late Sedentary (Sacaton phase) short-term, seasonal farmstead. The additional canal (AZ U:15:8[REC]) exposures to the northeast of AZ U:15:1(REC) reflect a depositional environment that suggests they were very near the canal’s intake point along the river. Samples processed from the canal produced a weak ostracode result, but succeeded in providing a good radiocarbon date of A.D. 990 to 1150, which overlaps with the dates from AZ U:15:1(REC). The size of the canal, and the lack of laterals or parallel canals, strongly suggests that this was the uppermost extent of the Grewe-Casa Grande Canal system.

The project provides important new data for understanding Hohokam movement into the upper portion of the Middle Gila River Valley, its timing, and the resources that they focused on, wild and domesticated. Based on the results of the Phase 2 data recovery, Reclamation determined that these efforts had mitigated the adverse effects to both AZ U:15:1(REC) and AZ U:15:8(REC) that would result from the proposed project.

This is the lithic data.

The final report can be found at tDAR ID: 377904.

Redacted pages can be requested at tDAR ID:377905.

Photos taken during Phase 2 data recovery can be found at tDAR ID: 378156.

The photo log can be found at tDAR ID: 378175.

Ceramic data can be found at tDAR ID: 377912.

Shell data can be found at tDAR ID: 377921.

Flotation data can be found at tDAR ID: 377922.

Pollen data can be found at tDAR ID: 377914.

Cite this Record

Final Report For Phased Data Recovery At AZ U:15:1(REC) on SCIDD Property and Trenching for Additional Canal (AZ U:15:8[REC]) Exposures on Federal Land Near Ashurst-Hayden Diversion Dam, Pinal County, Arizona: Lithic Data. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd.. 2012 ( tDAR id: 377913) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8FF3T5P

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: qanaLithics_data

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Artifact Modification VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Retouch none none
Cortex Percentage VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Measurement none none
Artifact Condition VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Other none none
Platform Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Form none none
Artifact Shape VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Form none none
Manufacturing Technique VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Other none none
Completeness VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Measurement none none
Material Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Material none none
Specific Artifact Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Type none none
General Artifact Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Type none none
Content Class VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Item/Slash none none
Level Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Level none none
Feature Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature Type none none
Unit Type VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Context none none
ULC Excavation unit and level context
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Unit none none
Feature No. DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none
Count BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Weight (gm) DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Weight none none
Thickness DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Measurement none none
Width DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Measurement none none
Length DOUBLE  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Measurement none none
Comments VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Other none none
Tool Function VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Other none none
Use-Wear VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Retouch none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 950 to 1150 (Site occupation date range)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.022; min lat: 32.686 ; max long: -110.731; max lat: 33.441 ;

Record Identifiers

BIA ARPA Permit No. (s): 2011/SCIP/ACS/WRO/001a

Pinal County Dust Permit No.(s): 10805

ASM Burial Agreement Case No.(s): 2010-038

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): R10PB32083

Arizona Blue Stake Case No.(s): 2012-011100817

Notes

General Note: AZ U:15:1(REC) (later AZ U:15:676[ASM]) is a late Sacaton phase Hohokam farmstead, and AZ U:15:8(REC) is a Hohokam canal that passes through the site. Both are the same age.

Redaction Note: Maps and other specific site locational information have been redacted from the publicly available documents. The redacted information is available as a restricted document; please contact the Bureau of Reclamation for permission to access it.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
lithics2.xls 58.50kb Sep 20, 2012 9:00:49 AM Public
  • Translated version lithics2_translated.xls (55.50kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: