Hecla II and III, An Interpretive Study of Archeological Remains from the Lakeshore Project, Papago Reservation, South Central Arizona

Author(s): Albert C. Goodyear, III

Year: 1975

Summary

This report summarizes archaeological investigations undertaken on the Hecla Mine situated on the south facing slopes of the Slate Mountains, Papago Indian Reservation, north-central Arizona. Three seasons of fieldwork were performed based upon separate contract agreements designed to give mitigation phase clearance to impacted archaeological resources. A variety of methods are developed treating sampling of cultural and floral data, and resource-specific subsistence models are formulated and tested. The subsistence models focus on plant exploitation of species native to the paloverde-saguaro community. A diachronic analysis of the exploitation patterns is provided. The Sells Phase emerges as the apparent dominant time of usage of the Slate Mountains paloverde-saguaro community. Basic differences between riverine-type Hohokam and desert Sells Phase subsistence practices are explicated. An attempt is made to develop cultural formation processes of mountain lithic remains. The position and function of the paloverde-saguaro community as a dependable source of biotic and abiotic resources is discussed in terms of its internal ecological dynamics, as well as relationships to different plant communities in the Lower Sonoran Desert.

Cite this Record

Hecla II and III, An Interpretive Study of Archeological Remains from the Lakeshore Project, Papago Reservation, South Central Arizona. Albert C. Goodyear, III. 1975 ( tDAR id: 191012) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8191012

Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.334; min lat: 31.426 ; max long: -110.447; max lat: 32.514 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Principal Investigator(s): Alfred E. Dittert, Jr.

Prepared By(s): Arizona State University, Department of Anthropology

Submitted To(s): Papago Tribe of Arizona; Hecla Mining Company

Record Identifiers

Tribal Purchase Orders(s): 091-72; 085-73; 085-73-Mod. No. 2

Anthropological Research Paper No.(s): 9

NADB document id number(s): 1000334

SRP Library Barcode No.(s): 00030427

Tribal Purchase Orders (s): 085-73-Mod. No. 1

NADB citation id number(s): 000000012328

File Information

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager