Orme Alternatives: the Archaeological Resources of Roosevelt Lake and Horseshoe Reservoir, Volumes I & II


The Orme Alternatives Project, which is part of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation's Central Arizona Project, was implemented in order to examine possible alternatives to the proposed Orme Dam and Reservoir. As reported by Canouts (1975), the proposed Orme Reservoir Project would have an extremely adverse impact upon the cultural resources of central Arizona. Therefore, the Bureau of Reclamation contracted the Arizona State Museum to evaluate the impact of two partial alternatives. One alternative would consist of raising Roosevelt Dam, on the Salt River, 30 feet and thereby increasing the size of Roosevelt Lake by approximately 12.7 square miles. Combined with the first alternative would be a second alternative which would consist of raising Horseshoe Dam, on the Verde River, some 140 feet and enlarging Horseshoe Reservoir approximately 7.8 square miles. It was felt by the participants in the project that the kind of data required to evaluate the relative impacts upon cultural resources of these various projects could be obtained through a 20 percent probabilistic sample. The goals of the Orme Alternatives Project were, then, to conduct sample surveys of the Orme Alternatives project areas and to make statistical predictions on the quantity, extent, and nature of the archaeological resources affected by proposed reservoir enlargement. These predictions can then be compared to the Orme Reservoir 100 percent site data.

Volume I includes an overview of the project, historical background of the Tonto Basin and Verde Valley, survey description and results, along with artifact analysis and peer reviews. Peer reviews by Robert C. Euler, Stephen Plog, and Dwight W. Read.

Volume II is a continuation of the appendices and include Site and Sample unit descriptions for both Roosevelt Lake and Horseshoe Reservoir.

Cite this Record

Orme Alternatives: the Archaeological Resources of Roosevelt Lake and Horseshoe Reservoir, Volumes I & II. Steven L. Fuller, A. E. Rogge, Linda M. Gregonis. 1976 ( tDAR id: 191198) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8191198

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.107; min lat: 33.541 ; max long: -110.816; max lat: 33.902 ;

Record Identifiers

Salt River Project Library Call No.(s): E78.R66.F95.v2.1976; E78.R66.F95.v1.1976

Salt River Project Library Barcode No.(s): 0030778; 0030779

NADB document id number(s): 1000357

Contract No.(s): 14-06-330-14

NADB citation id number(s): 000000012350


General Note: Sent from: Steven L. Fuller, A. E. Rogge, and L. N. Gregonis

General Note: NAD-B Record

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1976_FullerRoggeGregonis_OrmeAlternativesVol2_OCR.pdf 64.32mb Jun 1, 1976 Mar 6, 2017 1:20:45 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted. Volume 2 of 2
1976_FullerRoggeGregonis_OrmeAlternativesVol1_OCR_PDFA.pdf 130.64mb Jun 1, 1976 Mar 6, 2017 2:31:03 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted. Volume 1 of 2

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager