An Archeological Overview and Assessment of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Sioux County, Nebraska

Author(s): John R. Bozell

Year: 2004


This document provides an archeological overview and assessment of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument in Sioux County, Nebraska. The study was completed under the terms of a purchase order and scope-of-work issued by the Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service in Lincoln, Nebraska. Archeological investigations began at the park in the 1960s and have continued through the present. All fee title land within the park has been examined on at least one occasion by professional archeological teams from the Midwest Archeological Center or other agencies working under contract to the Center. Investigations were implemented in response to a need for a park-wide inventory of archeological resources as well as Section 106 (National Historic Preservation Act) compliance requirements in response to various park developments. These efforts have resulted in the identification of 92 archeological properties spanning the Paleoindian through Euroamerican periods. Several sites have been the subject of test excavations and impact mitigation data recovery programs. The majority of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument sites reflect rather ephemeral use of the upper Niobrara River valley by a variety of Native American groups. Sites are largely associated with lithic procurement and temporary camping and hunting activities. Several Native American spiritual sites and properties associated with development of the Agate Springs Ranch and Lakota Chief Red Cloud have also been documented. This study offers a description of all park archeological investigations, sites recorded, collections recovered and overall contributions the archeological resources have made to a broader understanding of High Plains archeology. Recommendations for further field and research actions are provided which focus on geomorphic and paleoenvironmental investigations, testing for deeply buried resources and updating databases and other archival materials.

Cite this Record

An Archeological Overview and Assessment of Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Sioux County, Nebraska. John R. Bozell. Lincoln, Nebraska: Midwest Archeological Center, National Park Service, Department of the Interior. 2004 ( tDAR id: 375648) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8W095N0

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Archaic Arikara Caddoan Cheyenne Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American Lakota Late Pre-Contact Period Omaha-Ponca PaleoIndian Pawnee Plains Apache Plains Village Woodland

Building Materials Ceramic Chipped Stone Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Glass Human Remains Macrobotanical Metal Pollen Shell

Site Name
25SX152 25SX153 25SX154 25SX155 25SX156 25SX157 25SX158 25SX159 25SX160 25SX161 25SX162 25SX163 25SX191 25SX192 25SX193 25SX2 25SX251 25SX252 25SX253 25SX254 25SX255 25SX256 25SX257 25SX258 25SX259 25SX260 25SX261 25SX262 25SX263 25SX264 25SX265 25SX266 25SX267 25SX268 25SX269 25SX27 25SX270 25SX271 25SX272 25SX273 25SX274 25SX28 25SX282 25SX283 25SX284 25SX285 25SX286 25SX287 25SX288 25SX289 25SX29 25SX290 25SX291 25SX292 25SX293 25SX294 25SX295 25SX30 25SX459 25SX469 25SX470 25SX471 25SX472 25SX473 25SX474 25SX475 25SX476 25SX477 25SX478 25SX479 25SX480 25SX481 25SX482 25SX483 25SX484 25SX485 25SX486 25SX487 25SX488 25SX489 25SX490 25SX491 25SX492 25SX493 25SX494 25SX495 25SX496 25SX497 25SX498 25SX499 25SX72 25SX89 Harold J. Cook Homestead Kelley Homestead Red Cloud Campsite Serenity Show More

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Cairn Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Hearth Non-Domestic Structures Pit Post Hole / Post Mold Quarry Refuse Pit Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Storage Pit

Spatial Coverage

min long: -103.81; min lat: 42.598 ; max long: -103.48; max lat: 42.723 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Principal Investigator(s): John R. Bozell

Submitted To(s): National Park Center, Midwest Archeological Center

File Information

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