The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 1: Synthesis


In June 1986, the Bureau of Reclamation awarded Dames & Moore a contract for historical archaeological studies as part of the mitigation program for the Central Arizona Project's Regulatory Storage Division, designated as Plan 6. This study focused on reconstructing the social history of the workers and their families who lived in several temporary dam construction camps dating from the 1890s through the 1940s. This document, the first in a series of three volumes that constitute the final technical report, synthesizes the results of the study. Chapter 1 describes the research context, themes, and methods. The second chapter discusses the archaeological record encountered at the various dam locales, and provides a reconstruction of the nature of the dam construction camps. Chapter 3 elaborates on the social history of the camps, by discussing the demography, the nature of the work, and daily life in the temporary construction communities. The fourth chapter combines various lines of archaeological and historical evidence to discuss the role of Apache laborers in historic dam construction in central Arizona, particularly at Roosevelt. The final chapter summarizes the major conclusions of the research, highlighting a dozen identified patterns and trends that characterize a half century of temporary dam construction communities in central Arizona.

Cite this Record

The Historical Archaeology of Dam Construction Camps in Central Arizona, Volume 1: Synthesis. A. E. Rogge, Melissa Keane, D. Lorne McWatters. Dames & Moore Intermountain Cultural Resource Services Research Paper No. 10. Phoenix, Arizona: Dames & Moore. 1994 ( tDAR id: 378301) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8WW7JJM

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Apache Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American

Building Materials Glass Metal

Site Name
Avis Homestead AZ T:3:1:b(ARS) AZ T:3:11(ARS) AZ T:3:12(ARS) AZ T:3:1a(ARS) AZ T:3:39(ASM) AZ T:3:4(ARS) AZ T:3:40(ASM) AZ T:3:49(ASU) AZ T:3:54(ASM) AZ T:3:55(ASM) AZ T:3:56(ASM) AZ T:3:57(ASM) AZ T:3:58(ASM) AZ T:3:59(ASM) AZ T:3:6(ARS) AZ T:3:8(ARS) AZ T:3:9(ARS) AZ T:4:54(ASM) AZ T:4:55(ASM) AZ T:4:56(ASM) AZ T:4:57(ASM) AZ T:4:58(ASM) AZ T:4:59(ASM) AZ U:2:140(ASU) Show More

Site Type
Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1890 to 1940

Spatial Coverage

min long: -112.687; min lat: 32.663 ; max long: -110.962; max lat: 34.565 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Field Director(s): Everett Bassett

Principal Investigator(s): Cindy L. Myers; A. E. Rogge

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Prepared By(s): Dames & Moore

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 6-CS-30-04360

File Information

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