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Intensification of Aquatic Resource Exploitation at the Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Boundary?

Author(s): Clive Bonsall ; Peter Groom ; Catriona Pickard

Year: 2015

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Summary

Intensive and specialized exploitation of marine resources has traditionally been attributed to the Early Holocene in Europe, from c. 11,500 cal BP (e.g. Clark 1965, 1975; von Brandt 1984) as a response to changing climate, reduction in large mammal biomass, and consequent broadening of the resource base. However, the technical sophistication of fishing gear recovered from Early Holocene archaeological contexts is suggestive of a long history of development. This paper presents a synthesis of the evidence for marine exploitation in the Upper Palaeolithic of Europe. Widespread and diverse evidence for fishing in the Upper Palaeolithic suggests there was little change in the fishing activities practiced on either side of the Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Boundary.

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Intensification of Aquatic Resource Exploitation at the Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Boundary?. Clive Bonsall, Catriona Pickard, Peter Groom. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394966)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America