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Right Place, Right Time: Paleoindian Landscapes on the Gulf of Mexico, Outer Continental Shelf

Author(s): Amanda Evans

Year: 2015

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Summary

Archaeologists have been conducting prehistoric archaeological research on the world’s continental shelves for the last 40 years, with a general consensus that remote sensing combined with physical sampling is the best method for identifying sites. Following the conclusion of a US federally-funded (BOEM) study in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico, two promising Paleoindian landscapes have been verified 20 and 30 miles offshore, at depths of between 16 and 32 m BSL. Remote sensing and physical sampling revealed evidence of highly favorable conditions for supporting human populations, however the survey areas are classified as archaeological landscapes and not "sites". This paper will summarize the results of environmental reconstruction, highlighting the unique differences between identifying archaeological landscapes versus sites. It will also address challenges facing cultural resource managers charged with protecting submerged landscapes and sites offshore.

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Right Place, Right Time: Paleoindian Landscapes on the Gulf of Mexico, Outer Continental Shelf. Amanda Evans. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 394973)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America