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3D Saqqara: Using 3D GIS to reconstruct visibility and communal memory at an Egyptian necropolis

Author(s): Elaine Sullivan

Year: 2015

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The integration of GIS and 3D modeling now allows for the recreation and visualization of entire ancient landscapes. 3D Saqqara uses these capabilities to create a truly four-dimensional exploration of the cemetery of Saqqara, Egypt. The project offers a workflow for how 2D archaeological and architectural data can be transformed into 3D representations of the ancient built and natural environment, while maintaining the geo-spatial coordinate system of GIS and allowing for both quantitative and qualitative visual analysis (specifically 3D aware line-of-sight analysis). By simulating the changing architectural landscape of an entire archaeological site over time, the project demonstrates how the nexus between landscape and memory at ancient sites can be examined in innovative ways. These temporal visualizations allow us to question how the transformation of architectural spaces over time effected peoples’ interpretation and memories of past and contemporary communities.

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3D Saqqara: Using 3D GIS to reconstruct visibility and communal memory at an Egyptian necropolis. Elaine Sullivan. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395040)


Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America