Folsom Toolkit Replenishment at Chispa Creek, Texas: Comparing Bifacial to Unifacial Technologies

Author(s): John Seebach

Year: 2015


Folsom technology has been characterized by Ingbar and others as employing a "serial replacement" strategy, where toolkits are replenished on a more or less continuous basis based on the proximate taskscape. Such replenishment is in evidence at Chispa Creek, a west Texas lithic workshop repeatedly occupied by Folsom foragers. Similar to Hanson, Wyoming, at least three local toolstone sources were used at Chispa to manufacture projectile points and a large number of unifaces. These occupations also saw a small number of depleted non-local tools left on site. Analyses of raw material use for both bifacial and unifacial tools, when compared to the size and state of tools at discard, illuminate the technological decisions being made at Chispa Creek, and allow us to test whether all components of the Folsom toolkit are serially replaced or whether such replenishment is related more to weaponry.

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Cite this Record

Folsom Toolkit Replenishment at Chispa Creek, Texas: Comparing Bifacial to Unifacial Technologies. John Seebach. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 395223)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;