Tiwanaku in Arequipa


Although Tiwanaku expansion outside the Titicaca Basin has been documented

extensively in southern Peru, specifically in Moquegua, the influence and/or presence of

this highland state in the Arequipa region is not well known. In this paper, we

evaluate work in Arequipa over the past 15 years regarding Tiwanaku in light of our

work in the Vitor valley about 40 km from the city of Arequipa as part of the

Vitor Archaeological Project. In Arequipa, we have identified relatively small

Tiwanaku settlements characterized by a local ceramic tradition, which contrasts to

the more direct and extensive contact seen in Moquegua. Furthermore, in the

Vitor valley we have detected Tiwanakufragments in Millo, an extensive

administrative Wari node dated to 850AD.Although it would be tempting to suggest the co-existence of both Wari andTiwanaku affiliated groups in Vitor, we propose that imported Tiwanaku ceramics reflect an horizontal axis linking the Millo complex to Moquegua, and not

necessarily to Tiwanaku groups that inhabited in Arequipa after the collapse of

Tiwanaku in the Titicaca basin.

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Cite this Record

Tiwanaku in Arequipa. Augusto Cardona, María Cecilia Lozada, Hans Barnard. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 396870)


Geographic Keywords
South America

Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;