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Land Use and Resource Exploitation of the Sonoran Desert: A Sample Survey of Cultural Resources in Mohave, La Paz, and Yavapai Counties, Arizona

Author(s): Bruce A. Jones

Year: 1990

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Summary

In April and November, 1989, Statistical Research conducted a cultural resource survey of nearly 4,000 acres of land owned by the State of Arizona in Mohave, Yavapai and La Paz counties. The field reconnaissance documented 16 archaeological sites consisting of artifact scatters, trails, rock features, rock art and stationary grinding-features. The non-random survey strategy was based on a stratified sample of 640 acre-study units in the Hualapai and Aquarius Mountains, the Big Sandy Valley and the Date Creek Basin. Ethnographic models of Walapai and Yavapai subsistence strategies were employed to form hypotheses concerning the location, function, variability, cultural affliation and chronology of the data base sample. The hypotheses were then refuted or supported by the site sample from the project area.

Results support the findings of previous surveys in the region reporting a paucity of sites in the eastern Hualapai Mountains and high site density and diversity for the Aquarius-Mohon Mountain-Goodwin Mesa areas. Support for statistical-based models of site distribution and function is present at sites concentrated in upper bajada and up!and areas of Study Unit I. Study Unit II displayed site distributions representative of Western Yavapai settlement systems primarily concentrated on desert ecosystems and numerous temporary camps. Obsidian, was acquired from local sources and possibly traded to the Aquarius Mountain groups from the Upper Date Creek Basin. Diagnostic artifacts ranging from, the Middle Archaic Period to Historical times suggest a long period of occupation in the Date Creek Basin and areas to the east of the Big Sandy Valley.

All sites except AZ M:2:3 are considered eligible for inclusion into the National Register under criterion "D" based on their ability to address important regional-research issues. AZ M:2:3 14 has been severely impacted by erosion and lacks integrity.

Sections within this document include an introduction, environmental characteristics, research and culture history, research design, methods and site descriptions, evaluation of project results, and recommendations. Appendices include the project site form, isolated finds, and an obsidian sourcing analysis contributed by Paul Bouey.


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Cite this Record

Land Use and Resource Exploitation of the Sonoran Desert: A Sample Survey of Cultural Resources in Mohave, La Paz, and Yavapai Counties, Arizona. Bruce A. Jones. Statistical Research Technical Series ,26. Tucson, AZ: SRI Press. 1990 ( tDAR id: 400873) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8280B5B


Keywords

Culture
Archaic Gila Historic Hohokam Late Archaic Middle Archaic Upland Yuman Walapai Western Archaic Yavapai

Material
Aquarius Black-on-Brownware Aquarius Brownware Basalt Black-on-Brownware Brownware Ceramic Cerbat Brownware Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Fire Cracked Rock Glass Gray Chert Gray Quartzite Green Mudstone Ground Stone Jasper Limestone Metal Mineral Mudstone Obsidian Purple Quartzite Quartz Quartzite Red Quartzite Red Rhyolite Rhyolite Saltglazed Stoneware Stoneware Tan Chert Tizon Brownware Transfer-Print Ceramic White Chalcedony White Ironstone Yellow Quartzite

Site Name
AZ M:16:12 (ASM) AZ M:16:13 (ASM) AZ M: 16:14 (ASM) AZ M:16:15 (ASM) AZ M:16:16 (ASM) AZ M:16:17 (ASM) AZ M:16:18 (AZ) AZ M:2:3 (ASM) AZ M:2:4 (ASM) AZ M:3:1 (ASM) AZ M:3:2 (ASM) AZ M:3:3 (ASM) AZ M:3:4 (ASM) AZ M:3:5 (ASM) AZ M:3:6 (ASM) AZ M:6:2 (ASM) Wickiup Rock Art Site

Site Type
Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Bedrock Grinding Feature Cairn Chipping Station Hearth Hunting / Trapping Isolated Artifact Lithic Scatter Midden Milling Feature Petroglyph Pit Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Art Rock Concentration Rock Ring Shrine Stationary Grinding Feature Trail Trail Marker


Spatial Coverage

min long: -114.06; min lat: 33.962 ; max long: -112.654; max lat: 35.425 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): SRI Press

Contributor(s): Paul Buoey ; Jeffrey H. Altschul ; Kathi Kubish

Project Director(s): Bruce A. Jones

Landowner(s): State of Arizona ; Hualapai Tribe ; Bureau of Land Mangement

Sponsor(s): National Park Service

Submitted To(s): Arizona State Parks Office of Historic Preservation


Notes

Redaction Note: Figures 5.1, 5.2, 5.4, 5.9, 5.11, 5.16, 5.21, 5.22, 5.24, 5.27, 5.29, 5.33, 5.35, and 5.36 of this document have been redacted.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
26_Land_Use_in_the_Sonoran_Desert_OCR.pdf 12.69mb Nov 18, 2015 Nov 20, 2015 2:17:35 PM Confidential
This document is unredacted.
26_Land_Use_in_the_Sonoran_Desert_OCR_Redacted.pdf 12.80mb Nov 20, 2015 Nov 20, 2015 2:17:36 PM Public
Figures 5.1, 5.2, 5.4, 5.9, 5.11, 5.16, 5.21, 5.22, 5.24, 5.27, 5.29, 5.33, 5.35, and 5.36 of this document have been redacted.

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Contact(s): SRI Press

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America