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Playa Vista Archaeological and Historical Project, Volume 1: Research Design

Author(s): Jeffrey H. Altschul ; Richard S. Ciolek-Torrello ; Jeffrey A. Homburg ; Mark T. Swanson

Year: 1991

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Summary

The Playa Vista Archaeological and Historical Project is a multi-step comprehensive approach designed to achieve compliance with applicable Municipal, State, and Federal laws and regulations protecting cultural resources. This document represents the first step: the completion of a project specific research design that presents current knowledge of the cultural resources in the project area and outlines future steps to mitigate potential impacts of the proposed project.

To complete the research design two tasks were undertaken. First, a thorough archival search was conducted. Background information on the environment, prehistory, and history of the area was collected and synthesized. In addition data on six previously recorded prehistoric and several historic locations were obtained from knowledgeable individuals, published and unpublished reports, and historic maps. The background information provides the framework for the development of historic contexts from which the potential eligibility for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places for each particular resource is assessed. The historic contexts developed for Playa Vista are (1) man-land relationships, (2) culture history and cultural dynamics, and (3) historic development of the Ballona.

The second task completed for the research design was a pedestrian survey of the 1,087-acre Playa Vista project area. Seventeen temporary site numbers and five isolated find designations were assigned during the survey. Of the 17 sites, 4 appear to be composed of redeposited historic material and 4 others, consisted solely of dark soil with shell remains. The remaining 9 sites consist of 3 historic sites and 6 prehistoric sites, 3 of which had been previously recorded. Because much of the surface in the project area is either obscured by fill or disturbed, it is possible that the pedestrian survey may not have located all the sites, especially prehistoric sites. Recommendations are made to continue the inventory using subsurface probing.

The report is organized in two parts. Part I, which consists of Chapters 1 through 6, presents background information on the prehistoric and historic occupations of the project area, identifies appropriate historic contexts through which the potential eligibility of properties for inclusion in the National Register is assessed, and describes the current knowledge of cultural resources in the project area. Part II, contained in Chapters 7 and 8, focuses on National Register evaluation and compliance issues.


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Cite this Record

Playa Vista Archaeological and Historical Project, Volume 1: Research Design. Jeffrey H. Altschul, Richard S. Ciolek-Torrello, Jeffrey A. Homburg, Mark T. Swanson. Statistical Research Technical Series ,29. Tucson, AZ: SRI Press. 1991 ( tDAR id: 400874) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8P271P7


Keywords

Culture
Gabrielino Historic Historic Native American Japanese American Shoshonean Spanish

Material
Abalone Abalone (Haliotis sp.) Aluminum American Majolica? Amethyst Glass Annular Ware Asphaltum Basalt Black Abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) Bone Brass Brown Glass Building Materials California Colored Dinnerware California Horn Snail (Cerithideopsis californica) California Horn Snail (Cerithidia californica) California Tagelus (Tagelus californianus) California Venus (Chione californiensis) Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chione sp. Chipped Stone Clear Glass Concrete Deer Deer Bone Earthenware Fauna Fire Cracked Rock Fish Flow Blue Frilled Venus (Chione undatella) Glass Green Glass Ground Stone Human Remains Iron Ironstone Lewis's Moon Snail (Neverita lewisii) Lewis's Moon Snail (Polinices lewisii) Macrobotanical Majolica Mammal Marine Clam Marine Scallop Marine Snail Metal Metavolcanic Rock Mineral Mollusk Monterey Chert Native Pacific Oyster (Ostrea lurida) Obsidian Onyx Slipper Snail (Crepidula onyx) Oyster Oyster (Ostrea sp.) Pacific Littleneck (Leukoma staminea) Pacific Littleneck (Protothaca staminea) Patterned Ware Pismo Clam (Tivela stultorum) Plastic Porcelain Protothaca sp. Purple Dwarf Olive (Olivella biplicata) Quartzite Rubber Sandstone Saxidomus nuttallii Scallop (Pecten sp.) Shell Smooth Venus (Chione fluctifraga) Soapstone/Steatite Spiny Pricklycockle (Dallocardia quadragenaria) Spiny Pricklycockle (Trachycardium quadragenarium) Steatite Steel Stoneware Tar Volcanic Rock Washington Clam (Saxidomus nuttallii) Whiteware Wood

Site Name
CA-LAn-1698 CA-LAn-193 CA-LAn-211 CA-LAn-211a CA-LAn-211b CA-LAn-54 CA-LAn-60 CA-LAn-62 CA-LAn-62b CA-LAn-78 Deane's Broken Mortar site Deane's Site #1 LA-136 LA-29 Mar Vista site Playa del Rey Site #4 Redondo Wilmington Site

Site Type
Aircraft Production Center Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Burial Commercial or Industrial Structures Concrete Block Concrete Ramp Corporate Headquarters Cremation Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Encampment Factory / Workshop Fence Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Gate Hamlet / Village Historic Structure Horse Stable Industrial Complex Inhumation Isolated Artifact Lithic Scatter Machine Shop Midden Mine-Related Structures Mining Complex Mound / Earthwork Non-Domestic Structures Oil Derrick Footing Oil Well Complex Pier Post Hole / Post Mold Ramp Reservoir Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Riding Ring Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Settlements Shell Midden Shell Scatter Shipping-Related Structure Stable Structure Trash Midden Village Water-Related

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Heritage Management Historic Background Research Research Design / Data Recovery Plan Site Evaluation / Testing

General
Abalone Shell Bowl Arrow Point Ash Automobile Awl Basalt Flake Bead Bone (Animal) Bone (Human) Bone Awl Bone Bead Bone Whistle Bowl Brass Lipstick Case Burned Bone (Animal) Chalcedony Flake Chopper Cobble Core Cottonwood Triangular Projectile Point Cox Stable Debitage Deer Bone Whistle Fish Bone Bead Fishhook Flake Flake Tool Flexed Burial Food Remains Hammering Stone Howard Hughes Industrial Complex Human Toe Boe Lipstick Case Lithic Debitage Metavolcanic Flake Monterey Chert Flake Mortar Nail Obsidian Flake Owens-Illinois Pacific Coast Co. Pestle Plastic Radio Playa del Rey Field Projectile Point Purple Dwarf Olive (Olivella biplicata) Beads Quartzite Flake Radio Rubber Tire Scraper Shaft Straightener Shell Bead Shell Bowl Shotgun Cartridge Steel Projectile Syracuse China Tarring Pebble Thatcher Manufacturing Co. Tire Tool Venice Oil Field Wallace China Whistle Wire Nail Wooden Wheel Worked Bone

Geographic Keywords
Aguaje de la Centinela Baldwin Hills Ballona Creek Ballona Escarpment Ballona Gap Ballona Lagoon Ballona Wetlands Beverly Hills Centinela Creek Cienega o Paso del la Tijera Culver City, CA Del Rey Hills El Segundo Sandhills Los Angeles, CA Los Angeles County (County) Los Angeles River Marina del Rey, CA Mar Vista, CA Palos Verdes Hills Playa del Rey, CA Playa del Rey Bluffs Playa Vista, CA Rancho La Ballona Rincon DE Los Bueyes Santa Monica, CA Santa Monica Bay Santa Monica Mountains Sausal Redondo Venice, CA Westchester, CA Westchester Bluffs

Temporal Keywords
Historic Late Prehistoric Horizon Middle Horizon Millingstone Horizon Protohistoric


Spatial Coverage

min long: -118.473; min lat: 33.956 ; max long: -118.396; max lat: 33.995 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contributor(s): Roberta S. Greenwood

Collaborator(s): U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ; State Historic Preservation Office, Sacramento, CA

Landowner(s): Maguire Thomas Partners-Playa Vista

Submitted To(s): Planning Consultants Research ; Camp Dresser & McKee


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
29_Playa-Vista-Part-1_OCR_rev.pdf 8.05mb Nov 19, 2015 Nov 20, 2015 2:42:14 PM Public
This document is unredacted.
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America