Velarde Community Ditch Project - New Mexico Phase III (Ditch Rehabilitation): Cultural Resources Investigations

Year: 1988


The on-the-ground survey of the ditches was designed to locate any remnants of prehistoric activities and to note the historic and historic/modern structures and use areas which reflect the past and intertwine with the ditches and fields to create the ambient that is the San Juan Valley. The notations and locations have been used to ensure that carrying out Stage III of the project would disturb or destroy as few resources as possible and to contribute to the general knowledge of the history of the area.

The scope and nature of the proposed construction activity, previous investigations (which began in 1983), and the general culture history of the project area dictated the approach used in conducting cultural resources (CR) investigations for Stage III of the project.

Primary disturbance or destruction was along and to the acequias. Staging areas and access routes to all project features were affected to a lesser degree.

In the cultural resources appendix to the Environmental Assessment for Stage I activities for the Velarde Community Ditch Project, an approach to survey of borrow sources, which were to be identified by the contractor shortly after award of contract, was defined. The approach, which was rigorously followed during the construction and periodic repair of the now completed structures, has proven to be expedient and has protected the resources. The same approach was followed during modification of the ditches.

Background research for the 1983 assessment included a check of Museum of New Mexico Laboratory of Anthropology (LA) site files for recorded prehistoric and historic sites, of which there were only six, and the determination that none of these would be affected by the Stage I work. These sites, and the two recorded during CR survey of the diversion structure sites, are discussed in relation to the Stage III construction along with the results of the intensive survey of the acequias and documentary research of the history of the area.

Cite this Record

Velarde Community Ditch Project - New Mexico Phase III (Ditch Rehabilitation): Cultural Resources Investigations. Cultural Resources Investigations. 1988 ( tDAR id: 402867) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8402867

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Historic Spanish

Adobe Andesite Basalt Black-on-Buffware Black-on-Whiteware Blackware Brick Brownware Buffware Building Materials Ceramic Chalcedony Chipped Stone Cobble Concrete Gaudy Dutch Ware Glass Grayware Ground Stone Kaepo Blackware Metamorphosed Sandstone Micaceous Ware Mineral Mottled Obsidian Obsidian Ploychrome Ware Powhoge Polychrome Ware Quartzite Redware River Cobble Rock Quartz Sandstone San Juan Redware San Juan Ware Whiteware Wood Show More

Site Name
10:26 9:27 9:43 Capilla de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe Capilla de San Rafael LA144 LA32386 LA37549 LA3942 LA46579 LA46580 LA547 La Canova Los Luceros Hacienda Pioge Sajiu

Site Type
Adobe Cistern Adobe Structure Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Basalt Boulder Alignment Basalt Bridge Abutment Basalt Wall Boulder Alignment Brick Circle Bridge Bridge Abutment Burial Ceramic Scatter Church / Religious Structure Cistern Cobble Retaining Wall Concrete Gate Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Fence Flume Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Gate House Non-Domestic Structures Petroglyph Pueblo Railroad Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Retaining Wall Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Rock Art Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Sherd Scatter Structure Wall Water Control Feature Well Wooden Flume Wooden Gate Show More

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1880 to 1941 (Years in which the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad Chili Line ran.)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -106.138; min lat: 35.968 ; max long: -105.942; max lat: 36.179 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): B. Ferguson; S. Shumate; F. Wozniak; D. Boyd; T. McCalmont; David Snow, Dr.; Peter McKenna; James Gunnerson, Dr.

Landowner(s): Private Owner

Record Identifiers

Salt River Project Library Barcode No.(s): 00030752

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1988_VelardeCommunity.pdf 1.75mb Mar 1, 1988 Apr 27, 2016 1:19:01 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

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