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Human-Environmental Dynamics of the Georgia Coast

Author(s): Victor Thompson ; John Turck

Year: 2016

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Summary

This paper synthesizes and evaluates settlement and subsistence patterns in relation to landscape change for the entire prehistoric period on the Georgia coast. The dynamic coastal processes of the region have altered the topography and distribution of resources, including those important to humans. These processes were neither uniform in space nor time, with variations leading to the creation of micro-habitats. We assess these habitats individually and as part of a complex whole, to better elucidate the nature of human-environmental interactions. Understanding these complex relationships aids in our understanding of the social trajectories of the coastal groups, and people's environmental impact and legacies on the ecosystem. In addition to our synthesis, we include new research such as locational data and a comprehensive radiocarbon date database. We also use our research as a departure point to discuss the future of humans along changing coastlines. We argue that past peoples dealt with similar coastally-related issues as today, such as sea level fluctuations or changes to once productive resources. We need to convey our knowledge on these human-environmental interactions to the public, including policy-makers, not just to exhibit the usefulness of archaeology, but also to transform society for the better.


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Human-Environmental Dynamics of the Georgia Coast. Victor Thompson, John Turck. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 403301)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America