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Preliminary research into the presence of Tiwanaku at the site of Cerro San Antonio in the middle Locumba Valley, Peru

Author(s): Matthew Sitek ; Paul Goldstein

Year: 2016

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Summary

This poster presents the findings from a preliminary survey of the site of Cerro San Antonio in the middle Locumba Valley on the far southern coast of Peru. Ethnohistoric sources suggest limited agrarian potential, yet the site of Cerro San Antonio shows evidence for over 25 hectares of occupation dating from the Formative through Inca Periods. This includes at least 10 hectares of Tiwanaku domestic occupations. The middle Locumba Valley lies between two very different peripheral regions of the Tiwanaku state and may be a crucial case study for exploring the timing and direction of state expansion and collapse. The site has never been subject to problem-oriented research and is greatly endangered by looting. We discuss the extent of Middle Horizon occupation as well as other general findings, based on a preliminary reconnaissance and surface collections. We will also address current issues of looting at the site and outline future research plans.


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Preliminary research into the presence of Tiwanaku at the site of Cerro San Antonio in the middle Locumba Valley, Peru. Matthew Sitek, Paul Goldstein. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 404740)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -93.691; min lat: -56.945 ; max long: -31.113; max lat: 18.48 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America