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Experimental Analysis of Late Paleoindian Bone Tools at Bull Creek in Oklahoma

Author(s): Tressa Munger ; Lindsey Romig ; Amelia Cisar ; Noah Fisher ; Kristen Carlson

Year: 2017

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Summer of 2016 excavations at the Late Paleo-Indian campsite, Bull Creek, in the panhandle of Oklahoma resulted in unique bone tool discoveries. Within a bone pile butchering feature, containing ribs and a vertebral column, a mandible tool was found in situ wedged into the head of a rib. The mandibular notch appears to have been used to pry the rib heads from the spinal column with the coronoid process and condylar process imbedded around the rib head. In addition to the mandible a scapula tool of unknown purpose was also discovered. Through the means of experimental archaeology, we used cattle bones to recreate the bison tools and experimented with their potential functions.

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Experimental Analysis of Late Paleoindian Bone Tools at Bull Creek in Oklahoma. Tressa Munger, Lindsey Romig, Amelia Cisar, Noah Fisher, Kristen Carlson. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429635)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15409

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America