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The Emerging 13,000 to 15,000 cal yr B.P. Archaeological Record of North America South of the Continental Ice Sheets

Author(s): Michael Waters

Year: 2017

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Summary

Ruth Gruhn was an early advocate for a human presence in the Americas prior to Clovis. Gruhn and her late husband, Alan Bryan, excavated and reported on early sites in both North and South America and championed the Pacific coast as the route taken by the earliest people to reach the Americas. Their predictions have become a reality. Genetic and geological evidence is supporting a coastal migration route into the Americas. Recent discoveries at the Page-Ladson site, Florida, the Debra L. Friedkin site, Texas, and other sites, as well as a number of genetic studies support an occupation of the Americas by at least 15,000 cal yr B.P.; some 2000 years before Clovis emerged on the North American landscape. The revision in our understanding of the timing of the arrival of humans to the Americas at the end of the late Pleistocene and the route they took has its roots in the early pioneering work of a courageous and visionary woman–Ruth Gruhn.


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Cite this Record

The Emerging 13,000 to 15,000 cal yr B.P. Archaeological Record of North America South of the Continental Ice Sheets. Michael Waters. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429730)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14396

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America