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Fluted-point technology and the nature of its transmission in the Western Canadian Ice-free Corridor

Author(s): Heather Smith

Year: 2017

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Summary

Recent analyses suggest that Paleoindian stage technology in the archaeological record of the Western Canadian Ice-free Corridor—fluted projectile points—can provide valuable evidence of the dispersal of Clovis and descendant groups northward as early Americans spread throughout the New World. This paper discusses recent geometric morphometric and technological evidence for fluted-point variation in the Ice-free Corridor, which possibly represents a variety of typological specimens spanning over 2,000 years of fluted-point use. Major factors of variability reflect the presence of Clovis-point morphology in the earliest deposits of the central Corridor, as well as specimens from the Great Lakes region and Folsom at other sites. Trends in the frequencies of technological characteristics suggest directional changes that may explain the nature of the transmission of fluting information into and throughout the Corridor and its adaptive context in late-glacial Arctic and Subarctic ecosystems. Conclusions address whether patterns in such technological trends between points from Alaska and northern Yukon, Canada, the Ice-free Corridor, and Clovis suggest that cultural transmission occurred between groups that met in the Ice-free Corridor during the terminal Pleistocene.


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Fluted-point technology and the nature of its transmission in the Western Canadian Ice-free Corridor. Heather Smith. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429738)


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Spatial Coverage

min long: -113.95; min lat: 30.751 ; max long: -97.163; max lat: 48.865 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16649

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America